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Karnataka is a southwest state of the Republic of India and a part of the Deccan plateau. It became a state on 1 November 1956 after the passage of the state Reorganisation Act 1956.

Karnataka state basic information:

  • Capital: Bangalore
  • High court: Bangalore
  • Largest city: Bangalore
  • Legislature: Bangalore
  • Official language: Kannada
  • Governor: Vajubhai Vala
  • Chief Minister: B.S.Yeddyurappa
  • Legislature seats: Bicameral[ legislative assembly: 224 & Legislative council: 75]
  • Lok Sabha seats: 28
  • Rajya Sabha seats: 12
  • Districts: 31
  • Area wise rank: 6th
  • Population wise rank: 8th
  • Population density: 320 per Sq. km

Geography:

  • Karnataka state covers 191976 sq. km areas which constitute 5.83% of the total geographical area of India.
  • Karnataka is the largest state in south Indian states by area wise.
  • It is located between 11.5°N and 18.5° N latitude and 74° E and 78.5° E longitude.
  • The state divided into 3 geographical regions:
          (a) The Malenadu region: Hilly region consists of the Western Ghats.
          (b) Bayaluseema region: the plains of the Deccan plateau.
          (c) The coastal region: A part of the western coastal plains.
  • Mullanyanagiri (1925 M) is the highest point in Karnataka.
  • Two major rivers Krishana and Cauvery flow into north  Karnataka and south Karnataka respectively.
  • Most rivers in Karnataka flow towards the Bay of Bengal but some rivers (Sharavati and Natravati) flow into the Arabian sea.
  • Red soil, laterite soil, and black soil are mainly found in Karnataka.

Boundaries of Karnataka state:

  • East: Andhra Pradesh  West: Arabian sea
  • North: Maharashtra  South: Kerala
  • Northwest: Goa  Northeast: Telangana
  • Southeast: Tamilnadu
  • Karnataka is only the south Indian state which shares its boundaries with all south Indian states.

State Symbols:

State Symbols

Name

Mammal

Indian Elephant

Bird

Indian Roller

Flower

Lotus

Tree

Sandalwood


Districts:

 Karnataka divided into 31 districts:

Administrative Divisions

Districts

Bangalore

Bangalore Urban, Bangalore Rural, Chikkaballapura, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Kolar, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur

Belgaum

Bagalkot, Belgaum, Dharwad, Gadon, Haveri, Uttara Kannada, Bijapur

Gulbarga

Ballari, Bidar, Gulbarga, Koppal, Raichur, Yadgir, Vijayanagara

Mysore

Chamarajanagar, Chikmagalur, Dakshin Kannada, Hassan, Kodagu, Mandya, Mysore, Udupi.


Facts about Karnataka state districts:

Largest district area wise

Belagavi

Smallest district area wise

Bangalore urban

Largest district in population

Bangalore

Smallest district in population

Kodagu

Highest literacy rate district

Dakshina Kannada

Lowest literacy rate district

Yadgir

Highest Sex-ratio district

Udupi

Lowest Sex-ratio district

Bangalore


Economy:

(A) Agriculture:

  • Major Food crops: Rice, Maize, Millets, Pulse, and Ragi.
Karnataka state
Paddy fields

  • Cash Crops: Sugarcane, Cashews, Cardamon, Betal.
  • 1st Position in India: Coffee, Raw Silk, Sandalwood, and Sunflower.
  • 56% of the People of Karnataka state depend on agriculture and its allied activities.

(B) Industries:

  • Main Industries: Electronics, Biotechnology, Silk industry, manufacturing sectors.
  • Main PSU in Karnataka: HAL( Aircraft Production), Refinery( Mangalore), BHEL, HMT, etc.
  • IT industries Headquarters: Wipro and Infosys.
  • 75% Production of Biotechnology products in Karnataka.

Flora and Fauna:

  • 25% Population of Indian elephant and 10% population of Bengal tiger situated in Karnataka.
  • Five national parks are situated in the state.
Sr. No
National Park
Notify year
Fauna
1
Anshi National Park
1987
Great Hornbill, Bengal Tigers
2
Bandipur National Park
1974
Bengal tigers
3
Bannerghatta National Park
1974
Elephants, Butterfly species
4
Kudermukh National Park
1987
Bengal tigers
5
Nagarhole National Park
1988
Bengal tigers, Black Panther

Demographics:

According to Census 2011, Population data of Karnataka state as follows:

Population

6.11 Crores

Annual Growth (%)

15.60%

Population % in India

5.05%

Sex Ratio

973

Child Sex Ratio

948

Literacy Rate

75.36


Religion

Percentage

Hinduism

84.00%

Muslim

12.92%

Christians

1.87%

Jains

0.72%


Language

Percentage

Kannada

66.54%

Urdu

10.83%

Telugu

5.84%

Tamil

3.45%

Marathi

3.38%


Transport:

(A) Airports:

  • International Airports: Bangalore, Mangalore
  • Domestic Airports: Mysore, Belgaum, Hubli, Hampi, Gulberg, Ballary. 

(B) Rail:

  • 3 Railway zones ( SWR, SCR & WR) operate rail in Karnataka state. 
(C) Roads:
  • NH Road lengths: 3973 km
  • Public bus transport operates by Kstrc.

(D) Seaports:
  • 11 seaports are situated in states.
  • New Mangalore seaport is one of major ports of India in Karnataka.

Tourism:

Karnataka state

  • Cave temples and rock-cut cave temples: Badami and Aihole.
  • Hoysaleshwar Temple:  Situated at  Belur and Halebid.
  • Mysore Palace
  • Monolith of Gomateshwara: Tallest monolith in the world and situated in Shravanabelagola.
  • Gol Gumbaz: Bijapur ( Deccan style of Sultanate Period).
  • Waterfalls: Jog waterfalls (the tallest waterfall in India), Gokak waterfall.
  • Famous beaches: Murudashwars, Gokarna, Malpe, and Karwar.
  • National Parks:        

Culture and Traditions:

  • Dance: Yakshagana
  • Music: Carnatic 
  • Festivals: Mysore Dasara, Bangalore karaga, Ugadi, Deepavali 

Educational Institutions:

  • IISc: Bangalore
  • IIM: Bangalore
  • IIT: Dharwad
  • NIT: Surathkal
  • National law school: Bangalore

Reserach Institutions:

  • ISRO: Bangalore
  • Central Power research Institutions: Bangalore





























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