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Kerala is a south Indian state and along parallel to the Arabian sea. Kerala got statehood status on 1 November 1956.

Kerala state is also known as " God's own country", " The Jewel of South India", " Land of Coconut" and Spice garden of India".

Basic Kerala state information:

  • Capital: Thiruvananthapuram
  • High court: Kochi
  • Legislature: Thiruvananthapuram
  • Largest City:
  • Official language: Malayalam
  • Governor: Arif Mohammad Khan
  • Chief Minister: P. Vijayan
  • Chief Justice of High Court: S. Manikumar
  • Legislature seats: Unicameral (Legislative assembly- 141)
  • Lok Sabha seats: 20
  • Rajya Sabha seats: 09
  • Districts: 14
  • Area wise rank: 21th
  • Population wise rank: 13th
  • Population density: 890/ km

Geography:

  • Kerala state covers 38863 sq. km and has a 590 km coastline area.
  • It is located between latitudes 08° 18" and 12° 48" N, and longitudes 74° 52" and 77°22" E.
  • Geographically, Kerala state divided into 3 regions:
          (a) Eastern region: Highland and mountain terrain of the western ghats. Mountains are continuing in Kerala except " Palakkad gap" or "Palghat Gap". 
         (b) Central region: lands and rolling hills
         (c) Western region: Coastal plains ( part of western coastal plains) and lowlands. Coastal plains in Kerala are known as " Malabar coastal plains". Backwaterways situated in this region. eg. Vembanad is the largest backwaters in the state.
  • Anamudi is the highest peak in Kerala and situated in the Idukki district of the state.
  • Kuttanad is the lowest point( -2.2 m) in Kerala state.
  • Periyar, Bharathapuzha, Pamba, and Chaliyar are major rivers in Kerala. Most of the rivers in the state flow west direction and meet the Arabian sea.
  • Climate: Wet and Tropical climate
  • Kerala is the first state in India that receives the first rainfall of the Summer Monsoon.
  • Forest: Tropical evergreen forest( Eastern region of the state) and Shola forest.

Kerala state Boundaries:

State Symbols:

State Symbols

Name

Mammal

Indian Elephant

Bird

Great Hornbill

Tree

Coconut Tree

Flower

Kanikonna

 Districts:

Kerala state is divided into 14 districts:

Regions

Districts

North

Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram, Kozhikode

Central

Palakkad, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki

South

Alappuzha, Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram

 Fact about Kerala districts:

Largest District area wise

Palakkad

Smallest district area wise

Alappuzha

Largest district in population

Malappuram

Smallest district in population

Wayanad

Highest literacy rate district

Kottayam

Lowest literacy rate district

Wayanad

Highest Sex-ratio district

Kannur

Lowest Sex-ratio district

Idukki


Economy:

(A) Agriculture:

  • Main crops: Rice, Coconut, Cashew, Black Pepper, Rubber, Tea, Coffee & Spices.
  • 1st position in India: Black Pepper (97 % production of India), Natural Rubber, Cashew, and Spices.
  • More than 50% of the population depends upon agriculture and its allied activities.

(B) Industry:

  • Main industries: Telecommunication, I.T. Sectors, Mining industries.
  • Agriculture production-related industries.
  • Coir handloom and handicraft industries.
  • Tourism-based industries. 
Note: The main source of income of the state is emigrants' remittance which gets from foreign countries especially the Arab countries.

Transport:

(A) Airports:

  • International Airports: Thiruvananthapuram, Cochin, Calicut, and Kannur.
  • Cochin airport is the busiest airport in Kerala state. It is the first airport in the world that operates fully solar energy.

(B) Rail:

  • Rails operate in Kerala state by the Southern Railway Zone. 
  • Thiruvananthapuram Central is the busiest railway station in Kerala.

(C) Road:

  • Kerala states connect to other states through the road only by Palakkad Gap. It connects Kerala to Tamilnadu.
  • Palakkad gap is known as the " Gateway of Kerala".
  • N.H. 6E is the main national highway in Kerala.

(D) Seaports:

  • Cochin port: Major port of India and situated at Cochin in Kerala.
  • Small seaports: Kollam, Kottayam, Thrissur, etc.

Demography:

According to census 2011, Population data of Kerala state as follows:

Population

3.34 Crores

Annual Growth (%)

4.91%

Population % in India

2.76%

Population density

890 per sq. km

Sex ratio

1084

Child Sex ratio

964

Literacy Rate

94.00%


Religion

Percentage

Hinduism

54.73%

Muslim

26.56%

Christianity

18.38%

Jain

00.32%


Language

Percentage

Malayalam

97.02%

Tamil

1.49%

Others

1.5%

 

 

 Kerala tourist places:

  • Guruvayur: Lord Krishna temple situated in Thrissur.
  • Sabarimala: Temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa idol and the highest number of pilgrims visit in India. 
  • Pathanamthitta: This place is known as the " Pilgrims capital of Kerala".
  • Padmanabhaswamy Temple: dedicated to Lord Vishnu and situated in Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Kannur: Known as " the Crown of Kerala" and famous for its ancient temples, beaches and architecture.
  • Thrissur: "Cultural capital of Kerala" and famous for Onam festival
  • Ponnai: "Mecca of South India"
  • Alleppey: Centre of backwater networks.
  • Munnar: Hill station and famous for a tea garden in the Western Ghats.
  • Kovalam: Beautiful beach in Kerala.

Educational institutions:

  • Central University of Kerala: Kasaragod
  • IIT: Palakkad
  • IIIM: Kozhikode
  • NIT: Kozhikode
  • NFIT: Kannur
  • Indian Institute of Handloom Technology:

Research Institutions:

  • ISRO: Thiruvananthapuram
  • Indian Institute of Spice research: Kozhikode
  • Central Institute of Fisheries technology: Kochi

Culture and Traditions:

  • Dance: Kathakali (One of eight Indian classical dances), Mohniyattam, Thullal, Theyyam Koothu.
  • Music: " Sapana Sangeetham" originated from temples of India.
  • Festival: Onam( most important festival of Kerala).

Facts about Kerala state:

  • Kerala's first position in India: Highest literacy rate, lowest positive population growth, Highest Human development index, Highest life expectancy.
  • Kuttanad: lowest altitude of India and also known as " Rice bowl of Kerala"..
  • Padmanabhaswamy temple: the richest temple in India.
  • Kerala is known as the spice coast of India.
  • First Church(Syro-Malabar Catholic Church) at Palayur of India.
  • First Mosque( Cheraman Juma Mosque)  of India
  • Nilambur teak is the world's oldest teak in India.
  • No domestic airports in Kerala.
  • First baby-friendly state in India.
















































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