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Aizawl

Mizoram is the northeastern state in IndiaMizoram means "land of Mizo" or the "land of Native inhabitants". Mizoram was formerly the Lushai Hills district of Assam. In 1972, Mizoram was declared as Union territory of India and became the 23rd state of India on 20 February 1987. 

Basic Mizoram state information:

  • Capital: Aizawl
  • Legislature: Aizawl
  • High court: Guwahati High court
  • Official Language: English, Mizo
  • Governor: P.S. Sreedharan Pillai
  • Chief Minister: Zoramthanga
  • Legislative Assembly seats: 40 (Unicameral)
  • Lok Sabha seats: 01
  • Rajya Sabha Seats: 01
  • Number of Districts: 11
  • Area Wise Rank: 25th
  • Population Wise Rank: 28th

Geography:

  • Mizoram state covers 21081 square km area.
  • Mizoram locates between longitudinal: 92° ̍16 E to 93°26E  and latitude: 21°56 ̍ N to 24°31 ̍ N.
  • The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of Mizoram state.
  • Mizoram is situated at the southernmost tip of northeast India.
  • Mizoram is a mountainous state and consists of hills, valleys, and rivers. Mizoram is part of Rakhine mountain. 
  • Phawngpui Tlang (Blue mountain) is the highest peak (7250 ft.) of the state.
  • 91.27% of area of Mizoram state is covered by forest. Dense forest (0.64%) and open forest( 69%) are found in Mizoram.
  • Tropical semi-evergreen, Tropical moist deciduous, and subtropical pine forests are the main types of forest in the state.
  • Chhimtuipui(Kaladan), Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial are the main rivers in the state. Chhimtuipui and Tlawng are flowing through Myanmar and Assam respectively.
  • Palak lake is the biggest lake in Mizoram.

Boundaries:

Mizoram state shares its borders with three Indian states( Assam, Tripura, and Manipur) and two neighbouring countries (Myanmar and Bangladesh).

State symbols of Mizoram state:


State symbols

Name

Mammal

Himalayan Serow

Bird

Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant

Tree

Indian Rose Chestnut

Flower

Red Vanda


Geographical Indications Tags of Mizoram state:


G.I. Tags

Category

Pawn Dum

Handicraft

Mizo Puanchei

Handicraft

Ngotekherh

Handicraft

Tawsi ohbulan

Handicraft

Hmaram

Handicraft

Mizo Chilli

Agriculture


Districts:

Mizoram state is divided into 11 administrative districts.

Districts

Aizawl, Kolasib, Lawngtlai, Lunglei, Mamit, Saiha, Serchhip, Champhal, Hnahthial, Khawzawl, Saitual


Facts about Mizoram districts:


Largest District (Area wise)

Lunglei

Smallest District (Area wise)

Kolasib

Highest Population district

Aizawl

Lowest Population district

Serchhip

Highest Literacy  Rate district

 Serchhip

Lowest literacy Rate District

 Mamit

Highest sex Ratio district

 Aizawl

Lowest sex Ratio district

 Mamit


  • Serchhips( 98.76%) and Aizawl (98.50%) are the highest literate districts in India.

Economy:

Mizoram has the agrarian economy.

(A) Agriculture:

  • Major food crops: Rice, Maize and Cowpea.
  • Rice is the largest producing crop in the state. 
  • Horticulture (Mandarin, orange, Banana and Grapes etc.)  and floriculture (Anthurium, Bird of Paradise, Rose and Orchids etc.) are the second most agricultural activity in Mizoram.
  • Mizoram is the largest producer of Antrium in India.
  • Mizoram contributes 14% production of commercial bamboo in India.
  • Two types of agriculture practice are held in  Mizoram. (A) Terrace farming: mainly conserve water and soil, and farming occurred in terraces of mountain and hills. (B) Jhum cultivation: also known as " Shifting cultivation".

(B) Industries:

  • Mizoram has lacked Industry's infrastruce .
  • Zuagtui and Kolasib are two industrial states in Mizoram.
  • Sericulture, Handloom and Handicrafts industries.

Flora and Fauna:

  • Mizoram is a rich biodiversity state. Many varieties of animals and plants are found in the state.
  • Slow Loris, Red Serow, Goral, Clouded leopard, Hoolock Gibbon are mainly animal species found in Mizoram.
  • Evergreen forests with timber trees (Champak, Ironwood and Gurjun) plant species are found in the state.
  • Murlen National Park and Phawngpui National Park 

Demography:

 According to the census 2011, Mizoram's state population is

Population

10.97 Lakhs

Annual Growth

23.48%

Population % in India

0.09%

Population Density

52/km²

Sex Ratio

976

Sex Ratio (age between 0 to 6 years)

970

Literacy Rate

91.33%

 

Religion

Percentage

Christian

87.16%

Buddhism

8.51%

Hindu

2.71%

Others

1.58%


  • Mizo(73.13%), Chakma(8.51%), Mara(3.84%), Kokborok(2.99%) and Pawi(2.62%) are the main languages spoken in Mizoram. 
  • Mizo language has no its own scripts but Christian missionaries gave the Roman script and alphabets to Mizo language.
  • 95% population of the state is scheduled tribes and is the highest percentage in India.
  • Kuki, Pawi and Lakhar are the major tribes in Mizoram.

Transport:

(A) Airport:

  • Lengpui airport in Aizawl is the only airport in Mizoram. It connects to Kolkata, Guwahati and Silchar airports.

(B)  Road:

  • Six national highways are passing through the state and NH-54 connects Aziawl to rest of the rest of country. 

(C) Railways:

  • Bairabi railway station is the only station in Mizoram.

Culture and Traditions:

  • Dance: Cheraw( Bamboo dance), Khullam, Chheihlam Chai etc.
  • Festivals: Chapchar Kut, Mim Kut, Pawl Kut(Harvest festival) and Christmas.
  • Mizoram is known as " the Songbird of East" due to its music and dance.

Tourism:

Mizoram attracts tourists all over the world for its natural beauty, picturesque landscape and wildlife sanctuaries.
  • Phawngpui: It is known as "Blue Mountain" which is the highest peak of Mizoram and famous for rhododendron and orchids. It is literally known as the Abode of Gods”.
  • Vantawng waterfall: The waterfall situated on the Vanva River and the largest waterfall in Mizoram.
  • Puking cave: The three-chamber cave connects through a narrow passage and is known as "A cave of shouting stone". 

  • Murlen National Park is famous for its dense forest that looks like Amazon forest and Phawngpui is also situated in national park.

  • Kawpi waterfall

Educational institutes in Mizoram state:

  • National Institute of Technology: Aizawl
  • Central University of Mizoram: Aizawl
  • Mizoram institute of medical education and research: Aizawl





















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