-->

Nagaland is the northeastern state in India. Nagaland got statehood status on 1 December 1963


Image source: indiagigolopvt.com

Basic Nagaland state information:

  • Nagaland's capital: Kohima
  • Nagaland High court: Guwahati High court
  • Legislative assembly: Kohima
  • Largest city: Dimapur
  • Official Language: English
  • Governor: R.N. Ravi
  • Chief Minister: Neiphiu Rio
  • Legislative assembly seat: 60 (Unicameral)
  • Lok Sabha seats: 01
  • Rajya seats: 01
  • Number of districts: 12
  • Area wise rank: 26th 
  • Population Wise rank: 25th

Geography:

  • Nagaland state covers 16579 square km.
  • Nagaland locates between longitudinal: 98° ̍ E to 96° E  and latitude: 26°6 ̍ N to 27°4 ̍ N.
  • Nagaland is situated on Naga hills (a part of Himalaya) on the north side of the state and it meets with the Patkai range (Part of the Arakan mountain system). 
  • Mount Saramati is the highest peak (3841 meters) in Nagaland.
  • Doyong, Diphu, Dhansiri, Tizu, Zungki, Likimo are the main rivers in Nagaland. Doyong is the longest river in the state.
  • The Evergreen tropical and subtropical forests are generally found in Nagaland.

Nagaland state boundaries:

Nagaland shares its state boundaries with 3 Indian states and 1 neighbouring country.

Nagaland state symbols: 

State Symbols

Name

Mammal

Mithun

Bird

Blyth's tragopan

Flower

Rhododendron

Tree

Alder


Geographical Indications tags of Nagaland:

G.I. Tags

Chakhesang Shawl

Naga tree tomato

Naga Mircha

Districts:

Nagaland is divided into 12 administrative districts. 

Districts

Dimapur, Kiphire, Kohima, Longleng, Mokokchung, Mon, Peren, Phek, Tuensng, Wokha, Zunheboto

 Facts about Nagaland districts:

Largest District (Area wise)

Tuensang

Smallest District (Area wise)

Longleng

Highest Population district

Dimapur

Lowest Population district

Longleng

Highest Literacy  Rate district

Mokokchung

Lowest literacy Rate District

Kiphire

Highest sex Ratio district

Zunheboto

Lowest sex Ratio district

Mon

 Economy:

(A) Agriculture:

  • Major food crops: Rice, Maize, Millets, and pulses.
  • Major cash crops: Coffee, Tea, Cardamom, Sugarcane, Oilseeds.
  • Approximately 70% of the population of Nagaland state depends on agriculture.
  • Jhum cultivation is a way of agriculture cultivation in the state.

(B) Industries:

  • Coal, Limestone, Marble, Iron, and Cobalt are the main minerals found in Nagaland.
  • Agriculture & allied industries, Horticulture & Sericulture industries, Hydropower generation, and Forestry are the main industries in the state.

Flora and Fauna:

  • Nagaland is a hilly state. Most parts of the state are covered by forest.
  • Alder, Oak, and Bonsun are high altitude plant species and Chirs, wild apple, Bamboo, Walnut are low altitude plant species found in Nagaland.
  • Mithun, Stag, Mountain deer, Barking deer are the main animal species found in Nagaland. 
  • Ntangki National Park is situated in the state. Hoolock Gibbon and Golden langur are found in the national park.

Demography:

According to census 2011, Nagaland state population is 

Population

19.79 Lakhs

Annual Growth

-0.58%

Population % in India

0.16%

Population Density

119/km²

Sex Ratio

931

Sex Ratio (age between 0 to 6 years)

943

Literacy Rate

79.55%


Religion

Percentage

Christian

88.1%

Hindu

8.74%

Islam

2.44%

Others

0.81%

  • Nagaland is the only Baptist state in the world and the highest number of Baptist population state in the world. 

Ethnic tribes:

In Nagaland, 16 major tribes are found.

Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger, Zeme-Liangmai

Transport:

(A) Airport:

  • Dimapur airport is the only airport in the state.

(B) Road:

  • National Highways 2, 29, 129, 202, 702, etc. are passed through the state.
  • Asia Highways( A.H.-1 & A.H.-2) are passed through the state.

(C) Railway:

  • Dimapur railway station is the only railway station in Nagaland.

Tourism:

  • Kohima war cemetery of world war II.
  • Phek: this place is famous for its landscape and natural beauty.
  • Dzukou valley
  • Hornbill Festival is held in Kisama village of Nagaland and Kisama is also known as "Naga Heritage Village".
Festivals: Sekrenyi, Bushu jibu, Hornbill festival, Christmas, Deepavali.







Post a Comment

If any query on articles related to ask me

Previous Post Next Post