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Chhattisgarh is a central-east state of India which was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000.

Basic Chhattisgarh state information:

  • Chhattisgarh capital: Raipur
  • Chhattisgarh High Court: Bilaspur
  • Largest city: Raipur
  • Legislative assembly: Raipur
  • Official Language: Hindi, Chhattisgarhi
  • Chief Minister: Sh. Bhupesh Baghel
  • Governor: Anusuiya Uikey
  • Chief Justice of the High Court: P.R. Ramachandra Menon
  • Legislative Assembly Seats: 90 (Unicameral)
  • Lok Sabha Seats: 11
  • Rajya Sabha Seats: 05
  • Number of Districts: 28
  •  Area wise Rank: 9th
  • Population wise Rank: 17th

Geography: 

  • Chhattisgarh covers 135192 Sq. km area. 
  • The state is located between 17°46’N to 24°5’N latitude and 80°15’E to 84°20’E longitude. 
  • The state is divided geographically into plains(central part), hilly areas( south and north Rajnandgaon), and plateau parts( south part of the state). 
  • Gauralata in the Ramanujganj district is the highest point in Chhattisgarh.
  •  Mahanadi, Indravati river, and Rihand river are the important rivers in Chhattisgarh. 

Boundaries of Chhattisgarh: 
The state shares its boundaries with seven states.

State Symbols:

State Symbols                            

Name

Mammal

Wild Water Buffalo

Bird

Hill Myna

Flower

Rhynchostylis gigantea

Tree

Shorea robusta

 Geographical Indications of Chhattisgarh:

Geographical Indications

Bastar Dhokra

Bastar Wooden craft

Bastar Iron craft

 Districts:

 Chhattisgarh has 28 districts and is divided into 5 administrative divisions.

Administrative Divisions

Districts

Bastar

Bastar, Bijapur, Sukma, Dantewada, Kondagaon, Narayanpur, Kanker

Durg

Kawardha, Rajnandgaon, Balod, Durg, Bemetara

Raipur

Dhamtari, Gariyaband, Raipur, Baloda Bazar, Mahasamund

Bilaspur

Bilaspur, Mungeli, Karba, Janjgir-Champa, Raigarh, Gaurella-Pendra Marwahi

Surguja

Koriya, Surajpur, Surguja, Balrampur-Ramanujganj, Jashpur

 Facts about districts:

Largest district (Area wise)

Mungeli

Smallest district (Area wise)

Dhamtari

Highest Population district

Raipur

Lowest Population district

Narayanpur

Highest literacy rate district

Durg

Lowest literacy rate district

Bijapur

Highest Sex-ratio District

Kondagaon

Lowest Sex ratio District

Raipur

 Economy:

Chhattisgarh has an agriculture-based economy but the state is also rich in minerals.

Agriculture: 

  • Main crops: Rice (77% of the net sown area), Maize, Wheat, and Millets.
  • 80% of the population in Chhattisgarh depends upon agriculture and agriculture-based industry. 
  • Oilseeds: Groundnuts, Soybeans, and Sunflower.
  • Rice is the main crop of Chhattisgarh and known as the "Rice bowl of central India".

Industry: 

  • There are many industries in Chhattisgarh such as steel and cement production etc. 
  • The state produced 15% of the total steel of India and Bhilai, Kobra and Raipur are the main center of steel production in Chhattisgarh. 
  • Raipur is considered the biggest market for steel in India.
  •  Aluminum industries are also found in the state.

Minerals: 

  • Chhattisgarh is a mineral-rich state in India.
  • Iron, tin, limestone, dolomite, and bauxite are the main ores found in Chhattisgarh. 
  • Tin production (1st rank production), Cement production (50% of India), and coal(2nd huge reserves). 

Flora and Fauna: 

Chhattisgarh has approximately 41% of the forest area and mainly moderate dense forest found in Chhattisgarh.

National Parks in Chhattisgarh:

Sr. No

National Park

1.

Indravati National Park

2.

Kanger Valley National Park

3.

Guru Ghasidas National Park

 Demographics: 

According to Census 2011, the Demographics of Chhattisgarh follows as: 

Population

2.55 crores

Annual Growth

22.6%

Population % in India

2.11%

Population density

240/ Sq. Km

Sex Ratio

991

Sex Ratio(Age 0-6 years)

969

Literacy Rate

70.01%


Religion

Percentage

Hinduism

93.25%

Islam

02.02%

Christian

1.92%

Sikh

0.27%

Others

03.52%

Transport:

Airport: 

  • Swami Vivekananda Airport in Raipur is the main airport of Chhattisgarh.

Railways: 

  • Rail connects major cities of state and state connects to major cities of India. 
  • SECR zone is the main zone of Indian Railways in Chhattisgarh and Bilaspur is its headquarter. 
  • Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg are major railway stations of Chhattisgarh. 
  • Chhattisgarh state provides the highest freight loading to Indian railways.

Road:

Major cities of Chhattisgarh connect through the national highways. 

Tourism:

(A) Religious places:

  • Laxman Temple: 7th-century brick temple in Sirpur dedicated to Shaiva and Vaishnava etc.
Chhattisgarh state
Laxman Temple 

  • Pragyagtri: Buddhist vihar with Buddha statue on a hilltop on Dongargarh in Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Danteshwari temple: Ancient temple built by Chalukya king on the bank of the confluence of the Dakini and Shakini river in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. 
  • Bhoramdeo temple: Ancient temple built by King Ramchandra of the Nag dynasty during the 7th century and dedicated to God Shiva. Temple is known as " Khajuraho of Chattishgarh" and situated in the Kabirdham district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Rajim temple: Ancient temple, Rajim is known as " Prayag of Chhattisgarh" due to the confluence of the rivers Mahanadi, Pairi, and sondur.

(B) Hill stations and Natural destinations:

  • Manipat: Hill station, known as " Shimla of Chhattisgarh" and "Mini Tibet".
  • Chitrakote falls: It is known as " Niagara of India", situated on the Indravati river in Bastar district.
Chhattisgarh State
Chitrakote Waterfall

  • Chirmiri:
    It is a hill station and known as the " Heaven of Chhattisgarh".
  • Chhattisgarh has three national parks and is famous for its flora and fauna.
  • Madku Dweep: River island on river Shivanand in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Kutumsar caves and Kailash gufa: 2nd largest cave in the world in the natural caves category.

(C) Monuments: 

  • Bastar palace
  • Kanker Palace 
  • Ratanpur Fort

Culture and Traditions:

  • Dance: Saila dance(Harvesting season), Karma dance(Rainy season), Gour(wedding), Pandavani, Sau Nacha, and Raut Nacha, etc.
  • Fairs: Rajim Kumbh Mela.
  • Festivals: Hariyali, Kora and Chetra, Holi, and Deepavali.

Education institutions of Chhattisgarh:

  • Indian Institute of Technology(IIT): Bhilai
  • National Institute of Technology(NIT): Raipur
  • Indian Institute of Management(IIM): Raipur
  • All India Institute of Medical Science: Raipur
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research: Raipur
  • Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology: Raipur 
  • Guru Ghasidas University(Central University): Bilaspur





















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