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Madhya Pradesh is a central Indian state and formerly known as Central Province. It is popularly known as "Heart of India"Madhya Pradesh got statehood status on 1 November 1956. The state bifurcated on 1 November 2000.

Basic Madhya Pradesh State Information:

  • Madhya Pradesh Capital: Bhopal
  • Madhya Pradesh High Court: Jabalpur
  • Largest City: Indore
  • Legislative Assembly: Bhopal
  • Official Language: Hindi
  • Chief Minister: Sh. Shivraj Singh Chouhan
  • Governor: Smt. Anandiben Patel
  • Chief Justice of the High Court: Sh. Ajay Kumar Mittal
  • Legislative Assembly Seats: 230 (Unicameral)
  • Lok Sabha Seats: 29
  • Rajya Sabha Seats: 11
  • Number of Districts: 52
  • Area wise Rank: 2nd 
  • Population wise Rank: 5th

Geography:

  • Madhya Pradesh covers 308252 Sq. km area. The state is located between the latitude of 21.6°N-26.30°N and longitude of 74°9'E-82°48'E
  • The state is divided geographically into plains, hilly areas (Satpura and Vindhya Hills), and plateau parts (Malwa, Bundelkhand, and Kaimur Plateau).
  • Narmada, Tapi, and Chambal are important rivers flowing in Madhya Pradesh. 
  • Narmada river is the longest river of Madhya Pradesh and separates the Vindhyan and Satpura ranges. 
  • Narmada and Tapi rivers flowing in the rift valley and west to east direction. Chambal river forms badland topography. 
  • Narmada river, Vindhyan range, and Satpura range make a natural boundary between North India and South India
  • Different types of soil are found in different parts of Madhya Pradesh such as Black soil(Malwa region), Alluvial soils(North Madhya Pradesh), and laterite soils(Highland areas), etc. 
  • Tropical dry deciduous and Tropical thorn forests are generally found in Madhya Pradesh.

Boundaries of Madhya Pradesh:

The state shares its boundaries with five states.

State Symbols:

State symbols of Madhya Pradesh are the following:

State Symbols

Name

Mammal

Barasingha

Bird

Indian Paradise flycatcher

Flower

Parrot tree

Tree

Banyan tree

Fruit

Mango

Dance

Maanch

 Geographical Indications of Madhya Pradesh:

Geographical Indications

Chanderi Fabric

Leather Toys of Indore

Ratlami Sev

Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat

 Districts:

Madhya Pradesh consists of  52 districts and divided into 10 administrative divisions.

Divisions

Districts

Bhopal

Bhopal, Raisen, Rajgarh, Sehore, Vidisha

Chambal

Bhind, Morena, Sheopur

Gwalior

Gwalior, Guna, Ashoknagar, Datia, Shivpuri

Indore

Indore, Barwani, Burhanpur, Dhar, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargone, Alirajpur

Jabalpur

Jabalpur, Balaghat, Chhindwara, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur, Seoni

Narmadapuram

Hoshngabad, Harda, Betul

Rewa

Rewa, Satna, Sidhi, Singrauli

Sagar

Sagar, Chhatarpur, Damoh, Panna, Tikamgarh, Niwari

Shahdol

Shahdol, Umaria, Anuppur

Ujjain

Ujjain, Dewas, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Ratlam, Shajapur, Agar,

 Facts about Madhya Pradesh's districts:

Largest district(Area wise)

Chhindwara

Smallest District(Area wise)

Bhopal

Highest Population District

Indore

Lowest Population District

Harda

Highest Literacy Rate District

Jabalpur

Lowest Literacy Rate District

Alirajpur

Highest Sex Ratio District

Balaghat

Lowest Sex Ratio District

Bhind

 Economy:

Madhya Pradesh has a mainly agriculture-based economy but a large portion of Industries and tourism support the economic growth of Madhya Pradesh.

Agriculture:

  • Main crops: Wheat, Rice, and Maize
  • Cash Crops: Soyabean,, Cotton,  Mustard and Sugarcane
  • First Position in India: Soyabean, Oilseeds, Pulses, Garlic, Coriander, Grams
  • Soyabean, Mustard, Rapeseed are the main oilseeds crops in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Wheat cultivated in the largest area of Madhya Pradesh and followed by Soyabean and Paddy crops.
  • Agriculture contributes approximately one-fourth of Gross State Domestic Product(GSDP) and provides employment to  65% of the population of Madhya Pradesh.

Industry:

  • Major leading industries in Madhya Pradesh are Automobiles, textile manufacturing, food processing and, agriculture, and engineering equipment.
  •  Iron ore, diamonds, copper ore, coal, limestone, marble, bauxite, and granite are the main minerals found in the state. 
  • Asia's thickest coal seam situated in Sidhi district of Madhya Pradesh and state consists of 14% coal reserve of India.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest reserves of copper and diamond in India.

Flora and Fauna:

Madhya Pradesh covers 30% area by forest which is 12.30% of the total forest area of India. The state has less dense forests.

National Park in Madhya Pradesh:

Sr. No.

National Parks

1

Bandhavgarh National Park

2

Panna National Park

3

Pench National Park

4

Sanjay National Park

5

Satpura National Park

6

Van Vihar National Park

7

Kanha National Park

8

Kuno National Park

9

Madhav National Park

10

Mandla Plant Fossil Park


  •  Pench National Park has the highest number of Bengal tigers in India.
  • Mandla Plant Fossil Park has fossils during the Jurassic Period.

Madhya Pradesh State Information

Demographics:

According to Census 2011, Demographics of Madhya Pradesh:

Population

7.27 Crores

Annual Growth (%)

20.35%

Population % in India

06.00 %

Population Density

236 per Sq. km

Sex Ratio

931

Sex ratio(age groups between 0 to 6 years)

918

Literacy rate

69.32%


Religion

Percentage

Hinduism

90.89%

Islam

06.57%

Jain

0.78%

Buddhism

0.29%

0thers

1.56%

Transport:

(A) Airport: 

Madhya Pradesh has two international airports and three domestic airports.
  • Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport: Indore(Busiest airport of M.P.)
  • Raja Bhoj International Airport: Bhopal
  • Dumna Airport: Jabalpur
  • Gwalior Airport: Gwalior
  • Khajuraho Airport

(B) Rail: 

Madhya Pradesh is well connected to major cities in India. The state covers three-zone(WR, WCR, and CR) of Indian railways. Ratlam, Jabalpur, Indore, Ujjain, and Bhopal are major railway stations in Madhya Pradesh.

(C) Road:

Madhya Pradesh is situated in the center of India. The majority of National Highways North to South and East to west passes through Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, and Jabalpur are inter-state bus terminals.

Tourism in Madhya Pradesh:

Madhya Pradesh is a famous tourist destination in India and the world. The state has well known for its natural environment, its forts, different religious pilgrimages sites, etc.

(A) Religious Places:

Madhya Pradesh has many religious places for Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, etc.
    • Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga: It is one of twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord  Shiva and situated on the bank of Kshipra River in Ujjain. Ujjain is one of four places in India where Kumbh Mela held every twelve years.
    • Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga: It is also a Jyotirlinga out of twelve and located at Mandhata island of Narmada river in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • Bateshwar Hindu Temples: A group of more than 200 sandstone temples built by the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty from the 8th to the 10th century. It located in the Morena district of Madhya Pradesh. The temples dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu, and Devi and Bateshwar shiv temple is the largest temple.
Madhya Pradesh State Information
Bateshwar Temples

    • Chitrakoot: Hindu pilgrimage place and located in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. Ramghat on the bank of Mandakini river, Bharat Milap temple, and Sati Anasuya Ashram are the main attractions of Chitrakoot.
    • Sonagiri: Sonagiri is famous for its 9th century Jain temples and located in the Datia district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • Bawangaja: Jain Pilgrimage site situated at Barwani district of Madhya Pradesh. The main attraction is the world's second-largest Megalithic statute of Lord Rishabhadeva (84 ft. height) in the middle of the Satpura range.

(B) Unesco world  heritage sites in Madhya Pradesh:

  1. The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka: It consists of 7 hills and more than 250 rock shelters and located in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh. The rock shelters consist of rock paintings during the paleolithic and mesolithic periods. It declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 2003.
  2. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments: the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples in India, situated in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. It declared UNESCO world heritage sites in 1986. It is considered one of the seven wonders of India.
  3. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi: Great Buddhist Stupa situated at Sanchi Town in the Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh and declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1986.
Madhya Pradesh State Information
The Khajuraho Temples

(C) Forts and Monuments:

Madhya Pradesh State Information
Gwalior Fort
  • Gwalior Fort: The fort is popularly known as " the Gibraltar of India". The fort consists of Jai Vilas Mahal ( the world's largest Chandelier),  Teli Ka Mandir (a mixture of Dravidian and Nagar style architecture style), and the Chaturbhuj temple, etc.
  • Dhar Fort: The sandstone fort built by Muhammad bin Tughlug and located in Dhar district.
  • Rajwada Palace: The palace located in Indore and built up by Holakars.
  • Asigarh Fort: The Mughal architecture style fort situated in the Satpura range. The fort was popularly known as  "Key of Deccan"
  • Fort Ahilya: The fort situated on the bank of the Narmada river at Maheshwar in Khargone district.
  • Deorkother: An archaeological site is famous for its Buddhist stupas which were built during Maurya emperor Ashoka. It situated in the Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh.

(D) Hill stations and Natural destinations:

  • Pachmarhi, Amarkantak, and Shivpuri are famous hill stations in Madhya Pradesh. Pachmarhi is popularly known as " Satpura Ki Rani".
  • BhedaGhat: Bhedaghat is a town situated on the bank of the Narmada river in the Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the world-famous tourist destinations for Dhuandhar fall(30 m high) and Picturesque scenery built by Marble rock on the Narmada river.
Madhya Pradesh State Information
Marble Rocks on Narmada River
  • Bagh Caves: A group of nine rock-cut caves that are famous for their mural cave paintings of ancient times. It located on the southern slope of Vindhyan at Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Ten national parks situated in Madhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh is popularly known as " Land of Tigers".

Culture and traditions :

  • Dance: Reena dance( Baiga and Gonds women tribe dance),  Chatkora dance( Korku tribe dance), Bhagoria dance(Bhils tribe dance), Mataki dance, Goncho dance, and Saira dance(Similar to dandia dance of Gujarat)
  • Paintings: Mandana Paintings (Malwa and Nimar region), Jeeroti Paintings(Nimar region), Khobar  and  Tilanga paintings  (Baghelkhand region)
  • Fairs: Simhastha Kumbh Mela at Ujjain, the Rahas fair of Gadhakota, etc.
  • Festivals: Deepavali, Holi, Gangaur, and Eid, etc.

Educational Institution of Madhya Pradesh:

  • Indian Institute of Technology(IIT): Indore
  • National Institute of Technology(NIT): Bhopal
  • Indian Institute of Management(IIM): Indore
  • All India Institute of Medical Science(AIIMS): Bhopal
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research(IISER): Bhopal
  • Dr. Hari Singh Gour University: Sagar
  • Indian Institute of Forest Management: Bhopal
  • National Institutes of Design: Bhopal
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology: Bhopal

Famous Persons of Madhya Pradesh:

  • Dr. B. R. Ambedkar: Chief architect of Indian constitution
  • Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma: 9th president of India
  • Sh. Atal Bihari Vajpayee: three times Prime minister of India
  • Kailash Satyarthi: Nobel Laureate
  • J.S. Verma and R.C. Lahoti: Former Chief Justice of India
  • Aslam Sher Khan: Former Hockey Player
  • Raghuram Rajan: Former Governor of RBI

Facts about  Madhya Pradesh:

  • Ujjain is known as ".the city of temples".
  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of tribal groups in India and their population is approximately 21.1%.
  • Indore is the cleanest city in India and the education hub of India.
  • Gwalior is considered as " Madhya Pradesh's tourist capital".

























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