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Uttar Pradesh State
Varanasi 

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India which is situated in the northern part of India. It is famous for religious shrines, granary production and has given a large number of Prime ministers to India.

Basic information about Uttar Pradesh:

1. Uttar Pradesh Capital: Lucknow

2. Uttar Pradesh Official language: Hindi

3. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister: Yogi Adityanath

4. Uttar Pradesh Governor: Anandiben Patel

5. Chief Justice of High Court: Govind Mathur

6. Uttar Pradesh High Court: Allahabad High Court

7. Legislative assembly of Uttar Pradesh:   Vidhan Sabha(Lucknow)

8. Legislative Council of Uttar Pradesh:   Vidhan Parishad (Lucknow)

9. Members of Legislative Assembly: 403

10. Members of Legislative Council: 100

11. Lok Sabha Seats: 80

12. Rajya Sabha Seats: 31

Uttar Pradesh state formation:

During British time, Uttar Pradesh was known as “United Province” and after the independence of India, United Province was renamed on 24 January 1950 and Known as “Uttar Pradesh”. On 9 November 2000, new state Uttarakhand carved out from Uttar Pradesh.

Geography: 

1. Uttar Pradesh covers 240928 sq. Km areas(7.34% of the total area of India) and 4th largest state in area wise in India. Uttar Pradesh is generally divided into Indo-Gangetic Plains(most part), Terai region, foothills of Shivalik region and Vindhyan range.

2. The northern part of the state consists of Indo-Gangetic Plains and south part consist, Vindhyan Range. Gangetic plains of Indo-Gangetic Northern plains consist of plains of Ganga river, Yamuna doab, Ghaggar river plains and Terai region. These plains have fertile alluvial soils which are suitable for intensive agriculture. This region has the highest population densities in India.

3. The Ganga river, the Yamuna river, the Ghaggar river, the Gomti river, the Chambal river and Saryu river drainage into Uttar Pradesh. The Ganga river and the Yamuna river confluence into Allahabad. The Chambal river made badland topography.

Major Dams in Uttar Pradesh:

Dam

River

Purpose

Mattila Dam

River Betwa

Multipurpose

Rihand Dam

River Rihand

Multipurpose

Parichha Dam

River Betwa

Hydroelectricity

Rajghat Dam

River Betwa

Irrigation

Ganga Barrage

River Ganga

irrigation

Sharda Barrage

River Sharda

Irrigation

Dhanraul Dam

River Ghaggar

Irrigation

 

Boundaries of Uttar Pradesh State

Uttar Pradesh shares its border with 9 states and 1 international border(Nepal).

(A) East: Bihar  West: Rajasthan

(B) North: Uttarakhand, Nepal North-west: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi 

(C) South: Madhya Pradesh South-east: Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.

State symbol of Uttar Pradesh:

State symbol

Name

State Animal

Swamp Deer

State Bird

Sarus Crane

State Flower

Palash

State Tree

Ashoka

Uttar Pradesh Districts:

Uttar Pradesh state divided into 75 districts and divided into eighteen administrative divisions.

Agra

Aligarh

Azamgarh

Allahabad

Bareilly

Basti

Chitrakoot

Devipatan

Faizabad

Gorakhpur

Kanpur

Meerut

Moradabad

Mirzapur

Jhansi

Lucknow

Saharanpur

Varanasi

Facts about districts of Uttar Pradesh:

Largest district(Areawise)

Lakhimpur Kheri

Smallest district(Areawise)

Bhadohi

Largest district(population)

Allahabad

Largest district(population density)

Ghaziabad

Highest literacy rate district

Gautam Buddha Nagar

Lowest literacy rate district

Shrawasti

Highest sex ratio district

Jaunpur

Lowest sex ratio district

Gautam Buddha Nagar

 

Uttar Pradesh consists of Parliamentary form of Government and the chief minister is head of state government. Uttar Pradesh legislature is a bicameral legislative assembly with 403 seats and legislative council with 100 seats.

Economy: 

(A) Uttar Pradesh has an intensive agriculture-based economy. Two-third population depends upon agriculture. Western and Central Uttar Pradesh is famous for its granary production due to its fertile alluvial soil of Gangetic plains of Indo-Gangetic Plains with extensive canal irrigation system. Rice, Sugarcane and Wheat are the main crops of Uttar Pradesh. Horticulture productivity is also very high in Mangoes, Strawberry, Potato and other fruits etc.

(B) Many industries based activities developed into Uttar Pradesh. Leather industry(Kanpur), Metal industry(Moradabad), Sports items based Industry(Meerut) and IT industry(Ghaziabad) are some prominent industries situated in Uttar Pradesh.

Forest:

Uttar Pradesh covers 6.88% forest area and has a tropical deciduous forest. The Terai region consists of elephant grass(tall grass)  with swamp areas and these areas are habitat for elephants. Dudhwa National park and Pilibhit forest area are tiger reserves in Uttar Pradesh. Dudhwa National Park has half the population of Swamp deer in India.

Demographics:

According to the 2011 census, Uttar  Pradesh is the most populous state of India.

Population

19.98 crores

Annual Growth

20.23%

Population % in India

16.16%

Average Density

829 per sq km

Sex Ratio

912 per thousand men

Sex ratio(between age 0 to 6 yrs)

 916

Literacy Rate

67.7%

Religion in Uttar Pradesh:

Religion

Percentage

Hindu

79.73%

Muslim

19.26%

Sikh

00.32%

Christianity

00.18%

Others

00.57%

 

Transport:

Uttar Pradesh has developed very connectivity to all major cities. Most part of the state is plains to it easy to develop transport infrastructure.

Air:

Two major international airports situated in Uttar Pradesh.

1.       Chaudhary Charan Singh international airport: Lucknow

2.       Lal Bahadur Shastri International airport: Varanasi

Rail:

Major cities of Uttar Pradesh connected through railway network. Two zonal headquarters situated in Uttar Pradesh( Northern Central Railway: Allahabad and North Eastern Railway: Gorakhpur) and divisional headquarters of Northern Railway( Lucknow and Moradabad) also situated here. Major Railway stations of Uttar Pradesh are Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Agra Cantt, Gorakhpur and Mathura.

Road:

Most parts of Uttar Pradesh are plain so that it is easy to develop roads. State transport (UPSRTC) is available to connect cities and villages.

(A) National Highway passes through Uttar Pradesh: National highway road covers 9.6% (approximately 4942 KM) of the total length of road in Uttar Pradesh. Some major national highways are mentioned below

NH 2: Delhi to Kolkata via Uttar Pradesh  NH 3: Agra to Mumbai  

NH 19: Ghazipur to Patna NH 28: Lucknow to Barauni  

NH 76: Allahabad to Pindwara(Rajasthan)

(B) Expressways in Uttar Pradesh:

1.    Agra-Lucknow expressway  

2.  Ganga Expressway 

3. Delhi Eastern Peripheral expressway

4  Purvanchal expressway  

5. Yamuna Expressway 

6.  Delhi- Meerut Expressway

National  Waterways in Uttar Pradesh:

Many big rivers such as Ganga flow in Uttar Pradesh which help to develop inland water transport systems.

1.       National Waterways 1: Prayagraj to Haldia(West Bengal) on river Ganga (total distance 1620 km).

2.       National waterways 19:  On Betwa river ( total distance 68 km).

3.       National waterways 24:  On Chambal river (total distance 64 km).

4.       National waterways 37: In U.P. to Bihar on Gandak river (total distance 300 km).

5.       National waterways 42: On Gomti river (total distance 518 km).

6.       National waterways 54: In U.P. and Bihar on Karmanasa river (total distance 86 km).

7.       National waterways 103: On Tons river in U.P. (total distance 73 km).

8.       National waterways 110: In Haryana, UP and Delhi on Yamuna river (total distance 1089 km).

Tourism: 

Uttar Pradesh is one of the favourite tourist destinations in India and the world. There are many Hindu religious places, historical monuments and natural sanctuaries and Parks.

(A) Religious Places:

Uttar Pradesh State
Kashi Vishwanath Temple 

(1) Uttar Pradesh is land of many Hindu Gods birthplaces such as Lord Ram in Ayodhya and Lord Krishna in Mathura etc. Varanasi is famous for Lord Shiva temple “Kashi Vishwanath temple” on the bank of river Ganga. Varanasi Ghats are mentioned in the Hindu scriptures which are the holiest place(total 87 Ghats in banks of river Ganga).

(2) Mathura-Vrindavan is also known as “ Brij-Bhoomi” associated with Lord Krishna and situated on the bank of river Yamuna. 


Uttar Pradesh State
ShrikrishnaTemple Mathura 

(3) Famous Kumbh Mela is held every twelve years in Allahabad on the confluence of river Ganga and Yamuna. Ayodhya is situated on river Saryu and associated with Lord Ram. 

(4) Gautam Buddha delivered his first sermon to his Pupils at Sarnath near the confluence of rivers of the Ganga and the river Gomti.

(B) Historical Monuments:

Uttar Pradesh State
Taj Mahal 

(1) Many monuments situated in Uttar Pradesh belong to different dynasties and empires.  TajMahal (Agra), Agra Fort(Agra), Fatehpur Sikri complex(Fatehpur Sikri)) are some of the best examples of Mughal dynasty architecture.

(2) Taj Mahal, Agra fort and Fatehpur Sikri are UNESCO heritage sites.

Uttar Pradesh State
Agra Fort


(3) Bara Imambara built by the nawab of Lucknow. Allahabad Fort, Ramnagar Fort (in Ramnagar), Jhansi ka Quila(Jhansi), Akbar’s Tomb are famous historical places in Uttar Pradesh.

Culture and Festivals: 

Dance:

Kathak is one of six classic dances in India which belongs to Lucknow and Banaras Gharana. Raslila, Swang and Dhmal are some other dances famous in Uttar Pradesh.

Music:

Uttar Pradesh is a place of Hindustani classical music. Swami Haridas was the teacher of great Indian musician Tansen( Court Musician in Mughal emperor Akbar).  

Festivals:

Uttar Pradesh State
Holi Celebration 

Diwali, Janmashtami, Mahashivratri,Holi, Navratri, Guru Purnima, Basant Panchami, Eid and Mahavir Jayanti etc.

Educational Institutes in Uttar Pradesh:

1. Indian Institute of Technology(IIT):  Kanpur

2. Indian Institute of Technology(IIT-BHU):  Varanasi

3. Indian Institute of Management(IIM): Lucknow

4. All India Institute Medical & Science(AIIMS): Raebareli

5. Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology(NIT): Allahabad

6. National Institute of Fashion Technology: Raebareli

7. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research: Raebareli

8. Central University of Uttar Pradesh: 6 central universities situated in Uttar Pradesh. Name of universities mentioned below:

 Banaras Hindu University( Varanasi), Aligarh Muslim University(Aligarh), University of Allahabad( Prayagraj), Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University(Lucknow), Ravij Gandhi National Aviation University( Amethi), Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agriculture University( Jhansi).

Famous Personalities of Uttar Pradesh:

1.       Mangal Panday, Rani Lakshmibai, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil,  Ashfaq Ullah Khan, Asif Ali, Ram Manohar Lohia: Independence fighters

2.       Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru: 1st Prime Minister of India, Freedom Fighter and Bharat Ratna award

3.       Lal Bahadur Shastri: 2nd Prime Minister of India, Freedom Fighter and Bharat Ratna award

4.       Indira Gandhi: 4th Prime Minister of India, Freedom Fighter and Bharat Ratna award

5.       Choudhary Charan Singh: 5th Prime Minister of India

6.       Rajiv Gandhi: 6th Prime Minister of India, Bharat Ratna award

7.       Vishwanath Pratap Singh: 7th Prime Minister of India

8.       Chandra Shekhar: 8th Prime Minister of India

9.       Atal Bihari Vajpayee:  11th Prime Minister of India and Bharat Ratna Awardee

10.   Ram Nath Kovind: 14 President of India

11.   Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya: Founder of Banaras Hindu University and Bharat Ratna awardee

12.   Rajkumari Amrit Kaur: First lady minister of India

13.   Rajrishi P.D. Tandon and Bhagwan Das: Bharat Ratna Awardee

14.   Manoj Kumar Panday: Param Vir Chakra recipient

15.   Major Dhyan Chand: the Greatest player in Hockey sport( Known as “ The Wizard” and “ The  Magician”

16.   Abdul Hamid: Param Vir Chakra recipient

17.   S.K. Kaul, Norman Anil Kumar Browne, S.P. Tyagi and R.K. Singh Bhadauria: Air  Chief Marshal

18.   Bismillah Khan: Bharat Ratna awardee and Shehnai player

19.   Ravi Shankar: Bharat Ratna awardee and Sitar Player

20.   Birju Maharaj: Kathak exponent

Facts about Uttar Pradesh:

1.       Uttar Pradesh has the largest railway network in India.

2.       Uttar Pradesh is the Most Populous state in India and the highest number of Scheduled castes and tribes in India.

3.       Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane and potato in India.

4.    The highest number of domestic tourists in India visit Uttar Pradesh.

5.     Western Uttar Pradesh with Punjab and Haryana are known as “ Granary of India”.

6.    The Parijat tree is also known as “ Heaven Tree”. The tree is famous for its flowers which change its colour during day-time, situated in Kantur village of Barabanki. It is only one of its kind. Mythology associated it that this tree was brought into the earth from heaven by Lord Krishana. 

7.   Agra-Lucknow expressway is the longest expressway in India.

8.   Jagadguru Ram Bhadracharya Handicapped University is only one University which is dedicated to higher education to disabled people all over the world.

 


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