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In India, awards are given in various fields such as civilian awards, military awards, sports and literature fields etc. Awards in India are given for notable contributions in various fields. Awards and honours are a matter of pride for an individual and an institution. 

The list of awards given in India are as follows:

Civilian awards in India

Gallantry awards in India

literature Awards in India

Sports and games awards in India

Medicine awards in India

Civilian awards in India

A. Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award in India. The award was instituted on 2 January 1954. 
Bharat Ratna is conferred in “ recognition of exceptional service or performance of the highest order without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex”. It is awarded to “any field of human endeavor”. 

Awards and honours in India
                        Bharat Ratna 

 Recipients of Bharat Ratna get a Sanad( certificate) signed by the President of India and a peepal leaf-shaped medallion. No monetary grant to the awardee.

B. Padma awards

Padma awards are civilian awards and established in 1954. These awards are categorized into three categories such as Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri, and show decreasing order of importance. Padma awards are announced every year on Republic day.

B. 1. Padma Vibhushan

Padma Vibhushan is the second-highest civilian award in India. It was instituted on 2 January 1954. Padma award is given for “ exceptional and distinguished service” without distinction of race, occupation, position, sex on the recommendation of Prime minister to President.  It is made in Alipore mint Kolkata, India.

Padma Vibushan medal:

Awards and honours in India

Shape: Circular   Size: 44mm diameter and 3.2 mm thick. Metal: Toned Bronze

Observe side: Lotus flower centrally embossed. The Padma wrote in an above lotus flower and Vibhusan wrote below in Devanagari script and made from silver glitz.

Reverse side: Emblem of India at the center. Satyamev  Jayate below the national emblem.

Ribbon Band: Pink Colour

B.2.Padma Bhushan

Padma Bhushan is the 3rd highest civilian award in India for “ distinguished service of higher-order”.

Padma Bhushan Medal:

Awards and honours in India

Shape: Circular   Size: 44mm diameter and 3.2 mm thick. Metal: Toned Bronze

Observe side: lotus flower embossed in the center of the medal. The Padma writes in an above lotus flower and Bhushan writes in below lotus flower in Devanagari script and is made from gold gilt.

Reserve side: Emblem of India at the center. Satyamev  Jayate below the national emblem and made from platinum.

Ribbon Band: Pink ribbon with a white stripe in middle.

B.3.Padma Shri

Padma Shri is the 4th  highest civilian award in India for “ distinguished service of higher-order”.

Padma Shri Medal:

Awards and honours in India

Shape: Circular   Size: 44mm diameter and 3.2 mm thick. Metal: Toned Bronze

Observe side: lotus flower embossed in the center of the medal. The Padma writes in an above lotus flower and Bhushan writes in below lotus flower in Devanagari script and is made from gold gilt.

Reserve side: Emblem of India at the center. Satyamev  Jayate below the national emblem.

Ribbon Band: Pink ribbon with two white stripes.

Gallantry awards in India 

The gallantry award in India is given to armed forces personnel for their valor and courage services for the country. Gallantry awards divided into two categories:

A. Peacetime gallantry awards in India

 The gallantry award is given to armed forces personnel for their valor and courage services for a country away from the battlefield during peacetime. It was established on 4 January 1952.

A.1.Ashoka Chakra

 Ashoka Chakra is the highest gallantry award during peacetime. The awards were established on 4 January 1952. Ashoka Chakra is given to armed forces personnel for “ their valor, courage, or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. Ashoka Chakra is equivalent to Paramveer Chakra.

Eligibility: Men and women of all ranks in army, navy, airforce, reserve forces, and territorial army.  Member of the nursing service of armed forces. Civilian citizens of police forces including paramilitary forces and Railway protection force(RPF).

Ashoka Chakra Medal:

Awards and honours in India
Image source: Wikimedia commons

Shape: Circular(Gold glitz)

Observe side: Center: Replica of Ashoka chakra surrounded by lotus flower design with an ornate edge.

Reverse side: Ashoka chakra write in Hindi at the upper side, Ashoka chakra write in English at lower side and center part plain with lotus design on either side at the center.

Ribbon: Dark green with 2mm central saffron stripe.

The first recipient of Ashoka Chakra: Suhas Biswas(Air force)

A.2.Kirti Chakra

Kirti Chakra is the 2nd  highest gallantry award during peacetime. The awards were established on 4 January 1952. Kirti Chakra is given to armed forces personnel for “ their valor, courage, or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. Kirti Chakra is equivalent to Mahavira Chakra.

Eligibility: Men and women of all ranks in army, navy, airforce, reserve forces, and territorial army.  Member of the nursing service of armed forces. Civilian citizens of police forces including paramilitary forces and Railway protection force(RPF).

Kirti Chakra Medal

Awards and honours in India
Image source: amar ujala

Shape: Circular(Silver glitz)

Observe side: Center: Replica of Ashoka chakra surrounded by lotus flower design with an ornate edge.

Reverse side: Kirti chakra write in Hindi at the upper side, Kirti chakra write in English at lower side and center part plain with lotus design on either side at the center.

Ribbon: Dark green with 2 Saffron stripes in 2mm.

A.3.Shaurya Chakra

Shaurya Chakra is the 3rd highest gallantry award during peacetime. The awards were established on 4 January 1952. Shaurya Chakra is given to armed forces personnel for “ their valor, courageous or self sacrifice away from the battlefield. Shaurya Chakra is equivalent to Vir Chakra.

Eligibility: Men and women of all ranks in army, navy, airforce, reserve forces, and territorial army.  Member of the nursing service of armed forces. Civilian citizens of police forces including paramilitary forces and Railway protection force(RPF).

Shaurya Chakra Medal:

Awards and honours in India
Image source: Bharatkosh

Shape: Circular(Bronze glitz)

Observe side: Center: Replica of Ashoka chakra surrounded by lotus flower design with an ornate edge.

Reverse side: Shaurya chakra write in Hindi at the upper side, Shaurya chakra write in English at lower side and center part plain with lotus design on either side at the center.

Ribbon: Dark green colour divided by  3 Saffron stripes.

B.Gallantry awards during Wartime

B.1.Paramveer Chakra

Paramveer Chakra is the highest gallantry award of India during wartime. The award is granted for “ most conspicuous bravery in presence of the enemy. It was established on 26 January 1950. Param Vir Chakra was designed by Savitri Khanolkar. Major Somnath Sharma was the first person awarded to Paramveer chakra.

Eligibility: Men and women of all ranks in army, navy, airforce, reserve forces, and territorial army.  Member of the nursing service of armed forces. Civilian citizens of police forces including paramilitary forces and Railway protection force(RPF).

Paramveer Chakra Medal:

Awards and honours in India
Image source: Indianairforce.nic in

Shape: Circular(Bronze disc) 34.9mm diameter.

Observe side: National emblem of India at the center and surrounded by four Vajra replicas( Vajra made from bones of Rishi Dadhichi’s sacrifice body and given to God Indra for the fight against demon Vrita). Representation of Vajra shows the supreme sacrifice for the country. 

Reverse side: Paramveer chakra write in Hindi at the upper side, Paramveer chakra writes in English at lower side and center part plain with lotus design on either side at the center.

Ribbon band: Purple in colour and 32mm in size.

B.2.Mahavir Chakra

Mahavir Chakra is the 2nd highest gallantry award of India during wartime. The award is granted for “most conspicuous bravery in presence of the enemy”. It was established on 26 January 1950.

Eligibility: Men and women of all ranks in army, navy, airforce, reserve forces, and territorial army.  Member of the nursing service of armed forces. Civilian citizens of police forces including paramilitary forces and Railway protection force(RPF).

Mahavir Chakra Medal

Awards and honours in India
Image source : Indianairforce.nic in

Shape: Circular and made from standard silver.

Observe side: Five Pointed heralded star in circular and emblem of India embossed in its center.

Reverse side: Mahavir Chakra write in Hindi at the upper side, Mahavir chakra writes in English at lower side and center part plain with lotus design on either side at the center.

Ribbon band: Half white and half orange in colour and 32mm in size.

B.3.Vir Chakra

Vir Chakra is the 3rd highest gallantry award of India during wartime. The award is granted for “most conspicuous bravery in presence of the enemy”. It was established on 26 January 1950.

Eligibility: Armed forces only.

Vir Chakra Medal

Awards and honours in India
Image source: Indianairforce. nic in

Shape: Circular and made from Silver.

Observe side: Five Pointed heralded star in circular and emblem of India embossed in its center. Reverse side: Vir chakra write in Hindi at the upper side, Vir chakra write in English at lower side and center part plain with lotus design on either side at the center.

Ribbon band: Half dark blue and half orange in colour and 32mm in size.

Literature awards in India

A.Jnanpith award

Jnanpith award is the highest literary award in India. This Indian literary award is awarded to an author for their “ outstanding contribution towards literature” annually. It is given only to Indian authors who write in Indian language(22 languages under Eight schedule of the constitution of India) and not awarded posthumously. Jnanpith award established in 1961 and given by Bhartiya Jnanpith under Govt. of India. G Sankara was the first recipient of Jnanpith in 1965.

Awards and honours in India

B. Sahitya Akademi award

Sahitya Akademi award is given in the literature field by Sahitya Akademi, Govt. of India. It is awarded into 24 Indian languages (22 languages under Eight schedule of the constitution of India and, English and Rajasthani). It was instituted in 1954.


Sports and games  awards in India

A.Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna

Awards and honours in India
Image source: 4 to 40.com

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is the highest sports award for individual sports personnel in India. This award was established in 1991-1992 and awarded by the ministry of youth affairs and sports. The award is given to sportsperson on the basis of their performance at international or national levels yearly. Viswanathan Anand was the first sportsperson to get Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna in 1991-1992.

B.Dronacharya award

Dronacharya award is the highest sports award for individual sports coaches. This is awarded to their outstanding and meritorious work on a consistent basis and enable sportspersons to excel at international levels. This award was established in 1985 and awarded by the ministry of youth affairs and sports.

Award: Bronze statue of Guru Dronacharya  A certificate 5 lakhs Indian rupees cash Prize money.

Awards and honours in India
Image source: the prizewinner.com

The first recipient of the Dronacharya award:  Balchandra Bhaskar Bhagwat, Om Parkash Bhardwaj, O.M. Nambiar in 1985.

C.Arjuna award

Arjuna award established in 1961 and given by the ministry of youth affairs and sports. Arjuna award is awarded to “recognize outstanding achievement in sports and games” on an individual basis in national and international sports.

Award: Bronze statue of Arjuna a certificate five lakhs Indian rupees cash Prize money.

Awards and honours in India
Image source: newsclick.in

D.Dhyan Chand Award

Dhyan Chand award is a lifetime achievement award in sports in India. This award was established by the ministry of youth affairs and sports in honor of Hockey’s magician Major Dhyan Chand. Dhyan Chand award is awarded to sportspersons for their contribution during active sports and after their retirement.

Award: Bronze statue of Dhyan Chand a certificate five lakhs Indian rupees cash prizes money.

Awards and honours in India
Image source: indianathelitics. in

The first recipient of the Dhyan Chand award:  Shahuraj Birajdar(Boxing), Ashok Diwan(Hockey), and Aparna Ghosh(Basketball) in 2002.

Medicine Awards in India

Bipin Chandra Roy award:

Bipin Chandra Roy award established in 1962 in honor of BC Roy by the medical council of India under Govt. of India.  BC Roy Award is awarded by the president of India every year On National Doctors day on 1st July. Sri Sandip Mukerjee was the first recipient in 1973.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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