India comprises 28 states and 8 union territories. India is the 2nd largest populous country and the largest democratic country in the world.  The state reorganization act 1956 reorganized states on the basis of language. Andhra Pradesh was the first state which formed on linguistic basis.
Indian states and union territories name
Image source: wikimedia.com

List of States and Union Territories of India:

            Indian States

Andhra Pradesh

  • Andhra Pradesh was formed on 1 November 1953.
  • Capital of Andhra Pradesh: Hyderabad(de facto) and Amravati.
  • The high court of Andhra Pradesh: Amravati.
  • The official language of Andhra Pradesh: Telugu
  • The largest city of Andhra Pradesh: Visakhapatnam
  • Legislative assembly of Andhra Pradesh: Bicameral (175 + 78 seats) 
  • Lok Sabha seat: 25 Rajya Sabha Seat: 11 
  • State symbols of Andhra Pradesh:

Mammals: Black Buck Bird: Parrot
Flower: Jasmine Tree: Neem

Arunachal Pradesh

  • Arunachal Pradesh was formed on 20 January 1987.
  • Capital of Arunachal Pradesh: Itanagar
  • The official language of Arunachal Pradesh: English
  • largest City of Arunachal Pradesh: Itanagar
  • legislative assembly of Arunachal Pradesh: Unicameral(60 seats) 
  • Lok Sabha seat: 2 Rajya sabha Seat: 1 
  • The high court of Arunachal Pradesh: Gauhati

State symbols of Arunachal Pradesh:

Mammals: Mithun Bird: Hornbill
Flower: Foxtail Orchid Tree: Hollong


  • Assam was formed on 26 January 1950.
  • Capital of Assam: Dispur
  • The official language of Assam: Assamese
  • largest City of Assam: Guwahati
  • legislative assembly of Assam: Unicameral(126 seats)
  • Lok Sabha seat: 14 Rajya sabha Seat: 7 
  • The high court of Assam: Guwahati

State symbols of Assam:

Mammals: Indian Rhinoceros Bird: White-winged wood duck
Flower: Foxtail Orchid Tree: Hollong


  • Bihar was formed on 26 January 1950.
  • Capital of Bihar: Patna
  • The official language of Bihar: Hindi
  • largest City of Bihar: Patna
  • legislative assembly of Bihar: Bicameral (243 + 75 seats)
  • Lok Sabha seat: 40  Rajya sabha Seat: 16 
  • The high court of Bihar: Patna

State symbols of Bihar:

Mammals: Mithun Bird: House Sparrow
Flower: Kachnar Tree: Peepal


  • Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000.
  • Capital of Chhattisgarh: Raipur
  • The official language of Chhattisgarh: Hindi
  • The largest city of Chhattisgarh: Raipur
  • legislative assembly of Chhattisgarh: Unicameral(90 seats)
  • Lok Sabha: 11 Rajya Sabha: 5
  • The high court of Chhattisgarh: Bilaspur

State symbols of Chhattisgarh:

Mammals: Wild Asian Buffalo Bird: Hill Myna
Flower: Rhynchostylis gigantea Tree: Sal


  • Goa was formed on 30 May 1987
  • Capital of Goa: Panaji
  • The largest city of Goa: Vasco de Gama
  • The official language of Goa: Konkani
  • High Court of Goa: Bombay
  • High Court Legislative Assembly: Unicameral( 40 seats)
  • Lok Sabha: 2 Rajya Sabha: 1

State symbols of Goa:

Mammal: Gaur Bird: Ruby-throated yellow Bulbul
Flower: Jasmine Tree: Matti(Asan)


  • Gujarat got statehood status on 1 May 1960.
  • Capital of Gujarat: Gandhinagar
  • The largest city of Gujarat: Ahmedabad
  • Official Language of Gujarat: Gujarati
  • High Court of Gujarat: Ahmedabad
  • Legislative Assembly of Gujarat: Unicameral(182 seats)
  • Lok Sabha: 26 seats Rajya Sabha: 11 seats

State symbols of Gujarat:

Mammals: Asiatic Lion Bird: Greater Flamingo
Flower: Marigold Tree: Banyan


  • Haryana was formed on 1 November 1966 and carved out from Punjab.
  • Capital of Haryana: Chandigarh
  • the largest city of Haryana: Faridabad
  • High Court of Haryana: Chandigarh
  • The official language of Haryana: Hindi
  • Legislative Assembly of Haryana: Unicameral (90 seats)
  • Lok Sabha: 10 seats and Rajya Sabha: 5 seats

State symbols of Haryana:

Animal: Black Buck Bird: Black francolin
Flower: Lotus Tree: Peepal

Himachal Pradesh

  • Himachal Pradesh was formed as a state on 25 January 1971.
  • Capital of Himachal Pradesh: Shimla
  • The largest city of Himachal Pradesh: Shimla
  • The high court of Himachal Pradesh: Shimla
  • The official language of Himachal Pradesh: Hindi
  • Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh: Unicameral (68 seats)
  • Lok Sabha seats: 4 and Rajya Sabha seats: 3

State symbols of Himachal Pradesh:

Animal: Snow Leopard Bird: Western tragopan
Flower: Pink rhododendron Tree: Deodar


  • Jharkhand carved out from Bihar and got state status on 15 November 2000.
  • Capital of Jharkhand: Ranchi
  • The largest city of Jharkhand: Jamshedpur
  • The high court of Jharkhand: Ranchi
  • Official Language of Jharkhand: Hindi
  • Legislative assembly: Unicameral(81 seats)
  • Lok Sabha: 14 Rajya Sabha: 6

State symbol of Jharkhand:

Animal: Indian elephant Bird: Koel
Flower: Palash Tree: Sal
  • Karnataka state was formed on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital of Karnataka: Bengaluru
  • the largest city of Karnataka: Bengaluru
  • The high court of Karnataka: Bengaluru
  • Official Language of Karnataka: Kannada
  • legislative assembly of Karnataka: Bicameral(224 +75 seats)
  • Lok Sabha: 28 Rajya Sabha: 12

State symbol of Karnataka:

Animal: Indian Elephant Bird: Indian roller
Flower: Lotus Tree: Sandalwood


  • Kerala state formed on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital of Kerala: Thiruvananthapuram
  • Largest city of Kerala: Trivandrum
  • High court of Kerala: Kochi
  • Official language of Kerala: Malayalam
  • Legislative assembly: Unicameral (141)
  • Lok Sabha: 20 Rajya Sabha: 9

State symbol of Kerala:

Animal: Indian elephant Bird: Great hornbill
Flower: Golden shower tree Tree: Coconut

Madhya Pradesh

  • Madhya Pradesh state was formed on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital of Madhya Pradesh: Bhopal
  • Largest city of Madhya Pradesh: Indore
  • High Court of Madhya Pradesh: Jabalpur
  • Official Language of Madhya Pradesh: Hindi
  • State assembly of Madhya Pradesh: Unicameral(230)
  • Lok Sabha: 29 Rajya Sabha: 11

State symbol of Madhya Pradesh:

Animal: Barasingha Bird: Parrot
Flower: Indian paradise flycatcher Tree: Banyan tree


  • Maharashtra state was formed on 1 May 1960.
  • Capital of Maharashtra: Mumbai(Summer) and Nagpur(winter)
  • Largest city of Maharashtra: Mumbai 
  • High court of Maharashtra: Mumbai
  • Official language of Maharashtra: Marathi
  • State assembly: Bicameral(288 + 78)
  • Lok sabha: 48 Rajya sabha: 19

State symbol of Maharashtra:

Animal: Indian giant squirrel Bird: Yellowish-footed green pigeon
Flower: Jarul Tree: Mango tree  


  • Manipur got state status on 21 January 1972.
  • Capital of Manipur: Imphal
  • Largest city of Manipur: Imphal
  •   High court of Manipur: Imphal
  • Official language of Manipur: 
  • State assembly: Unicameral(60)
  • Lok Sabha: 2 Rajya Sabha: 1

Symbols of Manipur State:

Animal: Sangai Bird: Mrs. Hume’s pheasant
Flower: Shirui lily Tree: Toon


  • Meghalaya state was formed on 21 January 1972.
  • Capital of Meghalaya: Shillong
  • Largest city of Meghalaya: Shillong
  • High court of Meghalaya: Shillong 
  • Official language of Meghalaya: English
  • legislative assembly of Meghalaya: Unicameral(60)
  • Lok Sabha: 2 Rajya Sabha: 1

Symbols of Meghalaya state:

Animal: Clouded leopard Bird: Hill myna
Flower: Lady’s Slipper Orchid Tree: White teak


  • Mizoram state was formed on 21 January 1972.
  • Capital of Mizoram: Aizawl
  • Largest city of Mizoram: Aizawl
  • High court of Mizoram: Gauhati
  • Official language of Mizoram: Mizo
  • State assembly: Unicameral(40)
  • Lok Sabha: 1 Rajya Sabha: 1

State symbol of Mizoram:

Animal: Serow Bird: Mrs. Hume Pheasant
Flower: Red vanda Tree: Indian rose chestnut


  • Nagaland got statehood status on 1 November 1963.
  • Capital of Nagaland: Kohima
  • Largest city of Nagaland: Dimapur
  • High Court of Nagaland: Gauhati
  • Official language of Nagaland: English
  • State assembly: Unicameral(60)
  • Lok Sabha: 1 Rajya Sabha: 1

State symbol of Nagaland:

Animal: Mithun Bird: Blyth’s tragopan
Flower: Rhododendron Tree: Alder


  • Odisha state was formed on 1 April 1936.
  • Capital of Odisha: Bhubaneswar
  • Largest city of Odisha: Bhubaneswar
  • High Court of Odisha: Cuttack
  • Official language of Odisha: Odia
  • State assembly: Unicameral(147)
  • Lok Sabha: 21 Rajya Sabha: 10

State symbol of Odisha:

Animal: Sambar Bird: Indian roller
Flower: Ashoka Tree: Fig


  • Punjab state was formed on 1 November 1966.
  • Capital of Punjab: Chandigarh
  • Largest city of Punjab: Ludhiana
  • High Court of Punjab: Chandigarh
  • Official language of Punjab: Punjabi
  • State assembly: Unicameral(117)
  • Lok Sabha: 13 Rajya Sabha: 7

State symbol of Punjab:

Animal: Black Buck Bird: Baaz
Flower: Gladiolus Tree: Sheesham


  • Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949.
  • Capital of Rajasthan: Jaipur
  • Largest city of Rajasthan: Jaipur
  • High Court of Rajasthan: Jodhpur 
  • Official language of Rajasthan: Hindi
  • Legislative assembly: Unicameral(200)
  • Lok Sabha: 25 Rajya Sabha: 10

State symbol of Rajasthan:

Animal: Camel and Chinkara Bird: Godawan
Flower: Rohida Tree: Khejri


  • Sikkim got statehood status on 16 May 1975.
  • Capital of Sikkim: Gangtok
  • Largest city of Sikkim: Gangtok
  • Official Language: English
  • High Court of Sikkim:Gangtok
  • Legislative assembly: Unicameral(32)
  • Lok sabha: 1 Rajya Sabha: 1

State symbol of Sikkim:

Animal: Red panda Bird: Blood Pheasant
Flower: Noble Orchid Tree: Rhododendron


  • Tamilnadu was formed on 26 January 1950.
  • Capital of Tamilnadu: Chennai
  • Largest city of Tamilnadu: Chennai
  • High Court of Tamilnadu: Chennai
  • Official language: Tamil
  • legislative assembly: Unicameral(234)
  • Lok Sabha: 39 Rajya Sabha:39

State symbol of Tamilnadu:

Animal: Nilgiri thor Bird: Emerald
Flower: Gloriosa Tree: Palm tree


  • Telangana carved out from Andhara on 2 June 2014 and got statehood status.
  • Capital of Telangana: Hyderabad
  • Largest city of Telangana: Hyderabad
  • High Court of Telangana: Hyderabad
  • Official language of Telangana: Telugu
  • State assembly: Bicameral( 119 +43)
  • Lok Sabha: 17 Rajya Sabha: 7

State symbol of Telangana:

Animal: Spotted deer Bird: Indian roller
Flower: Tangedu Tree: Jammi


  • Tripura was formed on 1 January 1956.
  • Capital of Tripura: Agartala
  • Largest city of Tripura: Agartala
  • High Court of Tripura: 
  • Official language of Tripura: Kokborok
  • Legislative assembly of Tripura: Unicameral(60)
  • Lok Sabha: 2 and Rajya Sabha: 1

State symbol of Tripura:

Animal: Phayre’s langur Bird: Green imperial pigeon
Flower: Nageshwar Tree: Agar

Uttar Pradesh

  • Uttar Pradesh was formed on 24 January 1950.
  • Capital of Uttar Pradesh: Lucknow
  • Largest city of Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur
  • High Court of Uttar Pradesh: Prayagraj
  • Official language of Uttar Pradesh: Hindi
  • Legislative assembly of Uttar Pradesh: Bicameral(403 + 100)
  • Lok Sabha: 80 Rajya Sabha: 31

State symbol of Uttar Pradesh:

Animal: Swamp deer Bird: Sarus crane
Flower: Palash Tree: Ashoka


  • Uttarakhand was carved out from Uttar Pradesh and got statehood status on 9 November 2000.
  • Capital of Uttrakhand: Dehradun
  • Largest city of Uttrakhand: Dehradun
  • High court of Uttarakhand: Nainital
  • Official language of Uttarakhand: Hindi
  • Legislative assembly of Uttarakhand: Unicameral(70)
  • Lok Sabha: 5 Rajya Sabha: 3

State symbol of Uttarakhand:

Animal: Alpine musk deer Bird: Himalayan monal
Flower: Brahma kamal Tree: Ashok

West Bengal

  • West Bengal was formed on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital of West Bengal: Kolkata
  • Largest city of West Bengal: Kolkata
  • High Court of West Bengal: Kolkata
  • Official language of West Bengal: Bengali
  • legislative assembly: Unicameral(295)
  • Lok Sabha: 42 Rajya Sabha: 16

State symbol of West Bengal:

Animal: Fishing cat Bird: White-throat kingfisher
Flower: Night flowering Jasmine Tree: Chatian

Union territories of India

Andaman and Nicobar

  • Andaman and Nicobar made union territory on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital: Port Blair
  • High Court: Kolkata
  • Official language: Hindi and English
  • Lok Sabha:1

Symbols of Andaman and Nicobar:

Animal: Dugong  Bird: Andaman wood pigeon
Flower: Pyinma Tree: Padauk


  • It got union territory status on 1 November 1966.
  • Lok Sabha: 1

Symbol of Chandigarh:

Bird: Indian grey hornbill
Flower: Dhak Tree: Mango tree
Dadar and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
  • It got union territory status on 26 January 2020.
  • Capital: Daman
  • High Court: Bombay High Court.
  • Official language: Marathi and Gujarati


  • Delhi got union territory status on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • High Court: Delhi
  • legislative assembly: 70
  • Lok Sabha: 7

Symbol of Delhi:

Animal: Nilgai Bird: House sparrow
Flower: Alfalfa

Jammu and Kashmir

  • It got union territory on 31 October 2019.
  • Capital: Jammu(summer) and Kashmir(winter)
  • High Court: Jammu(summer) and Kashmir(winter)
  • Legislative assembly: 111
  • Lok Sabha: 5 Rajya Sabha: 4


  • It got union territory on 31 October 2019.
  • Capital: Leh
  • Lok Sabha: 1
  • High Court: Jammu and Kashmir Official
  • language: Hindi


  • It got union territory on 1 November 1956.
  • Capital: Kavaratti
  • Official language: Malayalam
  • High Court: Kerala High court
  •   Lok Sabha: 1

Symbol of Lakshadweep:

Animal: Butterflyfish Bird: Noddy tern
Tree: Breadfruit


  • It got union territory on 16 October 1962.
  • Capital: Pondicherry
  • High court: Chennai High Court
  • Legislative assembly: Unicameral(33)
  • Lok Sabha: 1 Rajya Sabha: 1
  • Official language: Tamil

Symbol of Puducherry:

Animal: Squirrel Bird: Koel
Tree: Bael fruit tree.

Facts about Indian states and Union territories:

  • Largest State in area wise: Rajasthan
  • The smallest state in area wise: Goa
  • Largest Union territory in area wise: Ladakh
  • Smallest Union territory in area wise: Lakshadweep
  • The largest state in Population: Uttar Pradesh
  • The smallest state in Population: Sikkim
  • Largest Union territory in Population: Delhi
  • Smallest Union territory in Population: Lakshadweep
  • The largest Population density in State: Bihar
  • Smallest density in State: Arunachal Pradesh
  • The largest Population density in Union territory: Delhi
  • The smallest Population density in Union territory: Andaman and Nicobar
  • Three union territory has a legislative assembly that is Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Bicameral legislative assemblies are present into six states such as Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Telangana.
  • Chandigarh is the only capital which is shared by two states Haryana and Punjab.

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