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The Nobel Prize is a prestigious international award, given by the Swedish and Norwegian institutions into different categories such as chemistry, Physics, Medicine or Physiology, Peace, literature and economic sciences. The Nobel prize was started by Swedish chemist, engineer Alfred Nobel in 1895. There are some Indians who have also won the Nobel prize in different fields or categories.

Nobel prize winners of India

Rabindranath Tagore

Nobel prize winners of India
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was a famous Indian poet, writer and Ayurveda researcher. He was the first non-European to win the Nobel prize in literature. He was also known as Gurudev, Kaviguru and Bard of Bengal. He wrote the national anthem of two nations , India and Bangladesh.

Literature: Gitanjali, Gora, Amar Shonar Bangla, Jana Gana Mana and Ghare-Baire etc.

Nobel Prize: literature in 1913.

Contribution: 

“Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of literature of the West.”

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman:

Nobel prize winners of India
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian Physicist who was expertise in “Scattering of light” field and gave new concept known as “Raman Effect.” He was the first Indian or Asian to receive a Nobel prize in any branch of science. He was also selected to Indian Financial services.

Scientific Achievements:

  •  Raman effect: Related to in “Scattering of light.”
  • Reason for Blue colour of the sea.
  •  Acousto-Optic effect: explains light scattering by sound waves and also known as “Raman-Nath theory.”

Nobel Prize: Physics in 1930

Contribution: 

“For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.”

Har Gobind Khorana: 

Nobel prize winners of India
Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Khorana was a biochemist who worked especially in molecular biology.

Scientific achievements: 

  • first scientist to chemically synthesize oligonucleotides. 
  • Explained the order of nucleotides in nucleic acid and role of nucleotides in protein synthesis.
  • Developed the first synthetic gene and invention of polymerase chain reaction.

Nobel Prize: Physiology or Medicine in 1968.

Contribution:

” for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”

Mother Teresa

Nobel prize winners of India
Mother Teresa
                                      
Mother Teresa was a catholic nun and founded the “Missionaries of Charity.” This charity works on managing the homes of those people who are dying of AIDS, Leprosy and tuberculosis.

Nobel Prize: Peace in 1979.

Contribution:

Leader of Missionaries of Charity. Calcutta.

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar:

Nobel prize winners of India
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar is an astrophysicist who helped to study the physical process of importance to the structure and evolution of stars.

Scientific achievements:

  • Structure and evolution of stars. 
  • Model for evolutionary stages of Black hole.
  • Dynamic friction: decelerating the stars and helps to stabilize the cluster of stars. 
  • Chandrasekhar limit: this unit explains the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf. Value of Unit: 1.4 M

Nobel Prize: Physics in 1983.

Contribution:

” for his theoretical studies of physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of stars.”

Amartya Sen: 

Nobel prize winners of India
Amartya Sen
                                         Image
Amartya Sen is an economist. He is expertise in the welfare economics, social choice theory and development economics fields. His contributions on formulations of the Human development index which was published by UNDP.

Nobel Prize: Economic science in 1998.

Contribution

“for his contributions to welfare economics.

V.S. Naipaul:

Nobel prize winners of India
V. S. Naipaul

  V.S. Naipaul was a writer, wrote comic novels and his vigilant novels of life and travels. 

Literature: A Home for Mr. Biswas. In a free state, An area of Darkness, A bend in the river.

Nobel Prize: literature in 2001.

Contribution:

” for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel people to see the presence of suppressed histories.”

Venkatraman Ramkrishnan:

Nobel prize winners of India
Venkatraman Ramkrishnan

 Venkatraman Ramkrishnan is a structural biologist and known for his work mainly in structure and function of ribosome and molecular crystallography.

Scientific achievements:

  •  Determine atomic structure of whole ribosome in complex at its tRNA and mRNA biosynthesis. 
  • Work on histone and chromatids structure.
  • Determine atomic structure of 30s ribosome subunit.

Nobel Prize: Chemistry in 2009.

Contribution: “for the studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.”

Kailash Satyarthi

Nobel prize winners of India
Kailash Satyarthi

Kailash Satyarthi is a social reformer to work for rights of children such as ban on child labor, trafficking and support to the universal Right to education.

Organization

  • Bachpan Bachao Andolan: founder of it.
  • Goodweave international: An NGO working to end illegal child laboring rug making.
  • Global campaign for child education.

Nobel Prize: Peace in 2014.

Contribution:

” for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”

Abhijit Banerjee:

Nobel prize winners of India
Abhijit Banerjee 
                                    Image 
 Abhijit Banerjee is an economist who works on “Development economics” and his field experiments help to alleviate poverty.

Nobel Prize: Economic Science in 2019.

Contribution: 

“for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.”

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