mountain-railways-of-india


Mountain Railways of India are a group of mountain passenger trains which come under the UNESCO world heritage under cultural category. It includes  Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) and Kalka Shimla Railway(KSR) which declared UNESCO heritage in 1999,2005 and 2008 respectively. 
UNESCO described it “Mountain Railways of India are outstanding examples of interchange of values on development in technology, and impact of an innovative transportation system on the social and economic development of a multicultural region, which has served as a model for similar developments in many parts of the world. The railway then enabled significant and enduring human settlement, of which it has remained the main vector up to the present day”.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR) 

mountain-railways-of-india
DHR

  • Darjeeling Himalayan Railway has been a part of “Mountain Railways of India '' under UNESCO world heritage since 1999. 
  • DHR covers 14 stations in 88 km route distance which starts from New Jalpiguri (100 M above sea level) to Darjeeling (2200 M above sea level) situated in West Bengal, India.
  •   DHR runs on a 2 ft. gauge railway track and was built by Franklin Prestege in 1881 and has operated regularly since then. It is famous as “Toy Train ''. 
  • The DHR passes through tunnels, viaduct, bridges with six zig-zags and five loops to gain altitude which shows the picturesque landscape, beauty of nature and gives charming wellness to health.        
    mountain-railways-of-india
  • The four loops are located between Sukna and Gayabari station to ease gradients.
  • The Northeast Frontier Railway operated and maintained the DHR.
  •  The B-Class type stream engine which was made by Sharp Steward Company is still in use. 
  • The movie song “Mere Sapno Ki Rani '' from Aadharna movie was filmed on actor Rajesh Khanna and actress Sharmila Tagore. Other movies also shot here such as Barfi and Parniteea.

Train No.
From
To
Departure
Arrival
52541
New Jalpiguri
Darjeeling
10.00
17.20
52540
Darjeeling
New Jalpiguri
08.00
15.15
52587
kurseong
Darjeeling
06.30
09.05
52588
Darjeeling
kurseong
16.00
18.40

Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR):

  Mountain Railways of India
NMR
            Photo source
  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is a part of “Mountain Railways of India” under UNESCO world heritage since 2005 which is Metre Gauge railway situated in Tamilnadu, India. 
  • The railway line passes through Nilgiri Mountain and has been open to Public since 1908. 
  • NMR consists of 13 stations, covers 46 KM length and its maintenance is operated by Southern Railway under ministry of Railway of India. 
  • NMR starts from Mettupalayam (325.8 M above sea level) to Udhagandalam (2283.1 M above sea level) and covers four hours in upwards and 3.6 hours in downwards.

Interesting points of NMR: 

  1.  The NMR is the only rack railway in India between Mettupalayam and Coonoor uses “Abt rack and Pinion system” to climb steep gradients. 
  2. Steepest track in Asia with maximum gradient of 08.33%.
  3.   Edmundson style manual ticket system still in use.
  4. Coonoor station location used in film” A Passage to India” and song “Chhaiyya – Chhaiya “from movie “DIL SE” shot on rooftop on NMR.
  5.  Indian railway ICF make Swanky coaches for UNESCO heritage NMR.

Train No.
From
To
Departure
Arrival
56136
Mettupalayam
Udhagamandalam
07.10 AM
12.00 PM
56141
Coonoor
Udhagamandalam
07.45 AM
09.05 AM
56136
Coonoor
Udhagamandalam
10.40 AM
12.00 pm
56143
Coonoor
Udhagamandalam
12.35 PM
13.50 PM
56138
Coonoor
Udhagamandalam
16.30 PM
17.45 PM
56137
Udhagamandalam
Mettupalayam
14.00 PM
17.35 PM
56139
Udhagamandalam
Coonoor
09.15 AM
10.25 AM
56142
Udhagamandalam
Coonoor
12.15
13.20
56140
Udhagamandalam
Coonoor
18.00
19.10

Kalka Shimla Railway(KSR)



  • Kalka Shimla Railway(KSR) in Indian cultural heritage which was declared by UNESCO as world heritage in 2008 under cultural heritage.
  •  The trains move on narrow gauze (0.762 M) track which starts from Kalka (situated in Panchkula district in Haryana) to Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) and completes 96.60 km distance. 
  • The construction of the KSR line started in 1899 and completed in 1903, built by Herbert Septimus Harington, an engineer. 
  • KSR starts from the foothills of Shivalik (656 M above sea level) to Shimla (2075 M above sea level) which was the summer capital of British India
  • The main reason behind it was to supply goods, weapons and other items to Shimla when British shifted capital from Calcutta to Shimla.
  •  The railway track consists of 917 curves (70% of total length), 102 tunnels (8% of total line length) and 988 bridges and viaducts (3 % of total length) .
  •  Barog tunnel is the longest tunnel in KSR (3752 ft. long) just before the Barog station.
  •  Tara devi tunnel (No. 91, 1615ft. long)  is third longest tunnel of Kalka Shimla Railway.  
  •  The bridges in KSR showed the Roman style architecture which connected tracks on ravine.
  • Some bridges are unique such as bridges no 226 and 541 to attract tourists show the beauty of nature.                                                                                
  •  Bridge no. 541 near Kanoh station is the highest arch gallery bridge which is a unique example of excellent mix of civil engineering techniques and use of economical local construction material i.e. stone and lime mortar for building a sturdy and solid abutment. It is situated near Kanoh railway station and highest arch gallery bridge on Indian railway, approximately 52.90 meters long ,23.00 meters high and has 34 arches with 4 storeys of arch galleries.                                                                   
      Mountain Railways of India
    KSR 
      
  •  Bridge no 226 (between Sonwara- Dharampur section) is the finest example of human endeavor in civil engineering. This is the longest arch-gallery bridge of Kalka-Shimla railway.
  • This KSR passes through 21 stations to show the great picturesque landscape and natural scenery and wellness environment. 
  • The Guinness book of fact and facts explained that KSR is a great example of science and technology. KSR led to a long series of technology transfers from Europe (Great Britain, Germany) to Indian subcontinent. It used uninterruptedly from another world. 
  • Borag station is the best station in KSR which maintains its old atmosphere, natural beauty and station architecture.                                                         
    Mountain Railways of India



Train No.
Departure
(Kalka)
Arrival
(Shimla)
52453
06:20 AM
11.35 AM
52451
05.45 AM
10.35 AM
52459
07.00 AM
12.55 AM
52455
12.10 PM
05.30 PM

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