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Jaipur city, Rajasthan is a UNESCO world heritage site under cultural category from 2019. The Jaipur city is the second heritage city of India after Ahmedabad city declared a UNESCO heritage site.
The walled city of Jaipur city was built by rajput ruler Sawai Jai Singh II ruler of Amer, in 1727 A.D. 
UNESCO described that jaipur was established on the plain and built according to a grid plan interpreted in the light of vedic architecture.

Unesco criteria for jaipur city: 

  • Town planning: blend fusion of Hindu, Islamic and westren architecture. 
  • Trade and commercial hub, linked to southern asia.
  • Associate with living traditions in the form of crafts that have measured international recognition.

Architecture: 

  • Fusion of ancient Hindu architecture,  early modern Mughal and westren style architecture in urban planning.  
  • The grid plan model based on westren architecture, the organistion of different city sectors(Chowkis) based on traditional Hindu architecture and, dome and chattris on  building based on the early modern Mughal architecture.
  • The streets features continues colonnaded business interest centre, creating large public square called “ Chaupars”. 
  • Markets, shops, residence complexes and temples built along main streets having uniform facades.
  • Jaipur city is one of planned city in India during the medieval period designed by Vidyadhar Bhattaacharya. 
  •  Jaipur city is also known as “Pink City”  due to the dominant colour scheme of its building.

Visiting places:

Hawa mahal:

Jaipur city
Hawa Mahal

  •  it is one of the important visiting places in Jaipur which was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1798. 
  • It is also known as “ Palace of the Winds'' or “ Palace of Brezee''. 
  • The five stories extension palace with 953 small windows(known as Jharokhas) are in honey-comb shaped and decorated with intricate lattice work.
  • The Hawa Maha was used by the Rajput family in summer because cool breeze came to allow it to persist inside the palace. To provide a glimpse of the outside  world to royal women from Jharokhas.

jantar -Mantar observatory: 

Jaipur city
             Photo source
  • The observatory shows the scientific view of Maharaja Sawai Jai singh on astronomy.
  •  There are five astronomical instruments to the study space and time called Jantar- Mantar(which means calculating instruments).  
  • There are 14 geometric devices also present which measure correctness of time, predict eclipse, track locations of stars and earth's movements. 
  • Samrat Yantra: The largest Sundial in the world. The instrument in the observatory used to predict time and also used to calculate time of eclipse, arrival of Monsoon etc.

City Palace: 

Jaipur City
City Palace 

  • The palace built during 1729-1732, under supervision of Maharaja Sawai Jai singh II which shows the blend mixture of Rajput and Mughal architecture.
  • Chandra mahal and mubarak mahal comprise the major portion of City Palace. 
  • Udai Pol, Jaleb Chowk, Tripolia gate and Virendra Pol are entrances to this palace. The entrance gates are decorated with hindu gods and goddesses. 
  • The diwan-i-khas and Diwan-i-Hall served as gathering places of Royals and halls ornamented with crystal chandeliers.
  • Maharani palace and Baggi Khana converted into the museum.

Govind Dev Ji temple :

  •  The temple dedicated to the lord Krishna located in the city palace complex. 
  • It is considered to be one of the seven major temples of Thakur of Vrindavan.
  •  The image of deity came  to this temple from Vrindavan through Maharaja Sawai Jai singh II and was renowned by Mughal emperor Akbar. 
  • A mythology attached to the image of lord Krishna which resembles the original form of Krishna during his incarnation on earth.


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