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Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park is a UNESCO world heritage site that is situated in the Panchmahal district, Gujarat, India. 
Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park
 Photo source
UNESCO described it “concentration of largely unexcavated archaeological, historic and living cultural heritage properties in an impressive landscape which includes a prehistoric site (chalcolithic site), a hill fortress of an early Hindu capital and remains of the 16th century capital of the state of Gujarat''. 
There are many monuments present such as fortification, palaces, residential precincts, water installation, and agricultural land from the 8th to 14th centuries. The site is the only complete and unchanged Islamic Pre-Mughal city. 
The Pavagadh hill composed of reddish-yellow coloured stone formation is one of the oldest rock formations in India.

Criteria for selection: 

  • Champaner –Pavagadh Archaeological Park with ancient Hindu architecture, temple, and water installations together with its religious, military and agriculture structure early back to the regional capital,s city built by Mehmud Begda in the 16th century represents culture which disappeared.
  • The perfect fusion of Hindu-Islamic architecture mainly Jama masjid.
  • The best example of short-living capital, making the best use of its settling topography and natural features. A place of worship and pilgrimage for Hindu beliefs.

History: 

The history of Champaner –Pavagadh Archaeological Park was divided into three-part:
  1. In the first part of Champaner, a city was established by Vanraj Chavda, the most prominent king of the Chavda dynasty, in memory of his great army general or best friend Champa.
  2. The second period started from 11th to 14th centuries ruled by Chauhan and Rajput in Champaner and Pavagadh hill ruled by Solanki kings of Gujarat followed by Khichi Chauhan up to 1484.
  3.  Last period and short-living time rules by Mahmud Begada, Gujarat sultanate and renamed it Muhammadabad.

Visiting place in Champaner:

Jama Masjid: 

Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park
           Photo source
The mosque built by Mahmud Begada in the 16th century in Hindu –Islamic architecture and similar to Sidi Saiyad mosque in Ahmedabad. Mausoleum of a holy saint Syed Khundmir located here.

Nagina Masjid:

The mosque built by Mahmud Begada in the 16th century in Hindu –Islamic architecture.

Kevda Masjid and Cenotaph: 

Built from white stone and show Hindu –Islamic architecture.
There are some other visiting places in Champaner as Shar ki Masjid,Lila Gumbaj, Ek Minar ki Masjid, City gate, Tomb of Sikandar Shah Halol, Tomb of Shakar khan, Three cells, Sat Kaman, Kabutarkhana, Helical Stepped Well.
Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park
Sat Kaman

Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park
   Photo source 

Visiting places in Pavagadh:

Kalika Mata Mandir: 


Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park
Most visiting places on the Pavagadh hill. 
The idol image of Kalika Mata situated in garbhagriha flanked by the idol image of Kali on the right side and Bahuchara Mata on the left side. 
Kalika Mata Mandir is one of 51 Shakti Peethas in India and known for tantric worship. 
Sadanandsha pir is also famous in the complex and was a Muslim saint.

Lakulisha temple: 

The temple built in the 10th to 11th century on Pavagadh hill which is dedicated to the last avatar of Lord Shiva and built-in Hindu architecture style.
Other deities images are also present such as Indra, Ambika, Surasundaris.

Jain temple: 

There are many Jain temples present in the Pavagadh hill in different locations. 
The Navlakha temple is present near the Naqqarkhana gate constructed in the 14th -15th century. 
The Suparshvanatna and Chandraprabh temple are also important Jain temples.

Palace of Patai Rawal:

 Very large citadel wall which was built from sandstone connected with bastions at intervals during Solanki kings of Gujarat, further fortified by Khichi Chauhans.

Bhadra Gate:

 The outer line of defence in the fort has the main gate known as Bhadra gate.

Mandvi or Custom House: 

Used by the Guardroom. 

Atak gate:

The inner line of defence in the fort has the main gate known as Atak gate.
Other visiting places in Pavagadh are Makai Kothar, Sat Manzil, Navalakha Kothar:

Interesting points:

  •  Kalika Mata Mandir on Pavagadh hill has a mono cable ropeway which is India's highest cable ropeway. 
  • The areas were famous for their rain harvesting system. Pavagadh means hill of hundred pools and Champaner means the city of thousand pools. 
  • The Oscar-nominated movie “Lagaan” in 2001 was shooting here.

How to reach:

By Air: Vadodara is the nearest airport. 
By Train: Vadodara is the nearest railway station. 
By Bus: The frequent bus services are available from Ahmedabad and Vadodara.
Best time to visit:  winter ( October to February)

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