Rani-Ki-Vav is a UNESCO world heritage site under the cultural category since 2014 which was situated on the bank of Sarasvati River at Patan district in Gujarat, India. 
  • It literally means “Queen’s Stepwell” described by UNESCO because this stepwell is unique and finest in all stepwell in India.
  •  Rani-Ki-Vav is a temple-cum-water storage system that is designed as an inverted temple under the earth’s surface to show the sanctity of water with more than 500 principle sculptures and thousands of minor ones. 
  • The stepwell was built by Udaymati, Queen of Bhimadev I of Solanki dynasty in memory of her husband in 1063 A.D.  
  • The stepwell shows a combination of socializing, collecting water, and spiritual significance.


  •  Rani-Ki-Vav based on the ancient concept of “Sanctity of Water” by carving it out in stone details and looks like a subterranean temple.
  •  The stepwell was built on the Maru-Gurjara architecture style and classified as Nand-type Stepwell
  • The architecture and sculptures are similar to the Vimala Vasahi temple on Mount Abu and the sun temple at Modhera. 
  • The stepwell is divided into seven levels of stairs which lead down to the deep circular well. 
  • The entrance starts to the east and well present in the westernmost site. 
  • The pillared multi-story pavilion is decorated with carved stone sculptures, scrollwork, and figures.
  •  There are more than 500 sculptures and thousands of minor sculptures of Hindu deities including Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Goddess Durga, etc.
Sculptures of Rani-Ki-Vav 

  • The Sculptures showed religious importance, everyday life activities, and nature. 
  • The sculpture of Lord Vishnu is more than other Hindu deities at least 700 sculptures.
  • On the walls mostly carved out by Kalpavriksha (show importance of nature) and, Kirtimukha and Makara's adorn the basements and capitals of pillars.
Interesting points: 
  • The central theme is the “Dasavatars” (ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu) including Buddha. The avatar is accompanied by Sadhus, Brahmins, and Apsaras.
  • The other important sculptures are “Sheshashayi Vishnu” and “Vishwerupa Vishnu” etc. 
  • Rani-Ki-Vav shows religious, mythology, and secular imagery.
  •  Rani-Ki-Vav awarded as the cleanest iconic place in India.
  •  Lavender colour Indian hundred rupees note shows Rani-Ki-Vav in its reverse side.
  • Most structures were built by the king in memory of his wife but it is different because they were built by the Queen in memory of her husband.

How to reach: 

By air: Ahmedabad airport nearest the airport. 
By train: Mehsana railway station. 
By Road: directly connect to Patan from Ahmedabad bus stand.


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