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Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun temple is an UNESCO heritage site which is situated at Konark in Puri district of Odisha, India. This temple lies along the coastline areas of bay of Bengal. Konark sun temple is a classic example of the Odisha style architecture or Kalinga architecture. The Sun temple is dedicated to Hindu god “ Surya '' which was built in 1250 A.D. during reign of king Narasing Deva I of Eaterrn Ganga dynasty and one of most important brahmanical sanctuaries.
         The name of Konark sun temple derives from a combination of sanskrit words in which “Kona” means corner or angle and “Arka “ means the sun. This area is also known as “Arka kshetra”. Konark sun temple is also known as “ Black Pagoda” with “ Jagannath temple (White Pagoda) served as a landmark for sailors in the bay of Bengal during European sailors' time.
  Architecture:
1.The chariot-shaped temple is pulled by seven horses and has 24 wheels. The whole temple was carved out from stone in the form of a chariot.
2.Seven horses in a temple represents sanskrit prosody or vedangs as a part of vedic literature and also represent a week.
3.The twelve pairs of stone wheels in chariot-shaped temple represents a symbol of 12 months of Hindu calendar and each pair of wheel is a symbol of two cycles in each month ( Shukla and Krishna ).
4.Each wheel of chariot has eight spokes which represents day cycles.
Konark Sun Temple

5.Konark sun temple plan includes all traditional elements of a Hindu temple set on a square plan.
6.Original temple has:
(a)Vimana: The main sanctum which was 70 m tall and fell in 1837.
(b)Mandapa: the main mandapa(audience hall) 39 m tall and still alive.
(c)Dance hall: known as “ Nata Hall”  and still alive.
(d)Dining hall: also known as “ Bhoga mandapa”.
7.The walls of the temple are ornamental reliefs and miniatures.The sculpture and images of Konark sun temple represents daily life and culture of people.
8.Konark sun temple is made up from three types of stones:
(a)Khonolatie : this stone is commonly used to build temple.
(b)Chlorite: mainly used for the main entrance , door lintel and frames.
(c)Laterite: used for the core of the platform and staircases.
9.Bottom of the platform contains marching soldiers, musicians and images.
10.Large sized gateways are present in the temple complex. Main pillar is dedicated to “Aruna” called “Aruna stambha”.
11.Konark sun temple is also famous for its erotic sculptures after Khujarho temples. The sculptures of temples are Maithunaes type ( a type of tantra, is a sanskrit term which means “ sexual unions' ').
12.Three images of god Sun are present at different sites of the temple which represent the rays of sun catch at different times as a morning, afternoon and evening.
13.The god Sun flanked by two female goddesses, Usha and Pratyusha who are shown to be sitting arrows to represent as a symbol to remove darkness.
Konark sun temple complex:
1.Main existing temple which includes Vimana(main sanctum) Manadapa.,Nata hall(dancing hall) and dining hall.
2.Carved stone wheels, each wheel which is a symbol of sundial. 
3.Mayadevi temple is dedicated to the Sun’s wife “Mayadevi”. 
4.Vaishnava temple is dedicated to different deities such as Varaha, Krishna etc. 
5.Nava Graha or nine planets surround the temple. 
6.Intricately carved figures of elephants, lions and horses etc. 
7.Various images of deities, dancing sculptures etc. 
Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun Temple
Facts about konark Sun temple:
1.The style of architecture is the diffusion of sun’s culture which originated in Kashmir and finally reached the shore of the Eastern India. 
2.The Konark Sun Temple is the third link of Odisha's golden triangle. Other two are Jagannath puri and the Lingaraja temple. 
3.The entrance is guarded by two huge lions, each killing war elephants and a man is beneath the elephant. Lions are a symbol of pride, elephants represent symbols of wealth and both consume man. 
4.The temple was initially built near the sea bank but now that sea recede so that temple is away from sea. 
5.Every day sun rays would reach the Nata Hall and reflect from the centre’s diamond of the idol. 
6.The kalinga architecture is oriented towards the east so that the first rays of the sun strike to the main entrance. 
Nearby places to visit: The Lingaraja temple (Bhuneshwar), the Jagannath temple (Puri), Chandrabhaga beach Karuna village and Konark art Museum. 
How to reach:
1.By Air: Bhubaneswar airport 64 km away from Konark Sun temple. 
2.By Rail: Near Puri railway station. 
3.By Road: Govt. Bus services are available all time. 
Konark light Show
Month
Time
Language 
Ticket
March to October 
07.30Pm to 08.10Pm
Hindi,Oriya,English 
50/-Rs
November to February 
06.30Pm to 07.10Pm
Hindi,Oriya,English 
50/-Rs

Ticket pricing:
Countries 
Price 
Time
Day
Indian,SAARC and BIMSTEC
40/Rs
06.00AM to 05.00PM
Open all week except Monday closed
Foreigners
600/Rs
06.00AM to 05.00PM
Open all week except Monday closed

Official website : http:// Konark.nic.In
Konark Sun temple is a great masterpiece of architecture, having a cultural heritage site and sculptures. The temple is directly or indirectly linked to the Hindu beliefs. The marvellous and splendid scenery of nature also attracts many tourists here for their quality of beach. 

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