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Rajasthan is famous for its mighty forts, their culture and bravery. There are many hill fortresses present in Rajasthan. Six  mighty hill forts declared UNESCO world heritage sites under cultural category in 2007 which built during in 8th to 16th century. The hill fotrs of Rajasthan exhibits the Rajput king identity for their fort planing, arts and architecture during early medieval to late Maratha period. The forts and nature defence provided the landscapes, hills, rivers, dessert, dense forest which was unincivible. 

Chittor Fort:

Hill forts of Rajasthan
Chittorgarh Fort
Source: Flickr. Com
1.The Chittor fort is one of hIll forts of Rajasthan which came under UNESCO world heritage sites. The fort is situated at Chittorgarh in  Rajasthan, India.
2.The fort is roughly in the shape of fish which spreads 700 acres. The fort has many palaces, temples and precincts. There are many gateways present in the fort.
3.The gateways are known as Pol and give their name from base to top such as Bhairon pol, Hanuman pol, Ganesh pol,Jolra pol, Laxman pol, Ram pol(main entrance).
4.The Chittor fort built in two phases , in the first phase the hill fort with one main entrance was constructed in the 5th century to 12th century and remains built after the 15th century under ruler Sisodia Rajputs.
5.The hill fort complex consists of 4 palace complexes, 19 main temples, 4 memorials and fresh water bodies. The main palaces complex are the Palace of Rana Kumbha( largest rajput domestic structure), Kenwar pade ka Mahal, Fateh prakash( Badal Mahal) and Ratan singh palace.
6.There are many temples which belong to different faiths mainly the Hindu and the Jain. the Hindu temples: Kali Kamata temples, Kshemankari temple, Kumbha shyam temple, Mirabai temple, Adi varah temple etc.
7.The Jain temples: Sattaees devari temple, Shringar Chahari temple and satbis Devri temple. 8.Two main memorial :
Kirti Stambh:  technically it is known as “ Tower of Fame”.The 12th century memorial built by Jain merchant Jeeja Bhagarwala for the glory of Jainism and dedicated Jain tirthankars.
Vijay Stambh: also known as the Victory tower, built by the Mewar king Rana Kumbha in 1948 which commemorates the victory over the combined army of Malwa and Gujarat led by Mahmud Khilji. The stambh is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
9.Rana Kumbha palace is the oldest monument , located near the Vijay Stambh. They enter the palace through the Suraj pol and the palace built  by plasterstone. Rani Meera ( famous poet and devotee of lord Krishna) lived here. Rani Padmini consigned herself with many other women to the funeral pyre ( known as Jauhar) in underground cellars in the palace. The most striking feature of the palace is its series of canopied balconies. 

Kumbhal garh ( Kumbhal fort): 

Hill forts of Rajasthan
Kumbhalgarh Fort

1.Kumbhalgarh is one of six hill forts of rajasthan which includes in UNESCO world heritage site, located in western part of the Aravalli hills in the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan, India.
2.This fort is 2nd largest fort in India after Chittor fort and this fort built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century.Important places in Kumbhalgarh fort:
3.Lakhola Tank: The most important tank which was built by Rana Lakha during the period 1382-1421 A.D. and depth of the tank is 60 feet.
4.Badal Mahal: Birthplace of the Maharana Pratap.Ganesh temple: considered the earliest of all temples.
5.Neel Kanth Mahadev temple: Temple dedicated to lord Shiva. Major attraction of the temple is its idol of lord Shiva which is made from blackstone and has twelve hands. Temple supported by 24 pillars.
6.Parsva Nath temple and Golera Jain temple are the main Jain temples in the fort.
7.Gateways of Kumbhalgarh fort: Aaret Pol, Halla Pol, Ram Pol and Hanuman Pol. ram pol is a famous gateway because the aerial view of the fort building is clearly seen from here.
Jaisalmer fort:
Hill forts of Rajasthan
Jaisalmar Fort

1.Jaisalmer fort is one of six hill forts of Rajasthan which came a UNESCO world heritage site in 2013.
2.The fort is situated on Trikuta hill Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan, India which built during reign of Raja Rawal Jaisal, a Bhati Rajput in 1156 A.D.
3.The Jaisalmer fort is one of few living fort in world, 2nd oldest fort in Rajasthan and lined to trade route in ancient silk road.
4.The fort is also known as “Sonar Qila” or golden fort because fort built from the yellow sandstone which show horny gold during sunset and looks like a mirage when few distance away from it.
5.The yellow sandstone without any mortar are structured by 99 bastions and corner towers.
The major attractions to visit the Jaisalmer fort:
Entrance gateways: Whole fort is surrounded by mighty gateways which known as “Pol”.
There are four main entrance gateways which is known as Ganesh Pol, Bhoot Pol, Suraj Pol and Hawa Pol.  Each entrance pol is guarded by cannons. Fort main gates carved from indian rosewood and 60 feet tall.
The Raj Mahal Palace: Former residence of Maharawal of Jaisalmer.
Jain temples: Jain temples built by yellow sandstone during 12th -16th century.
Sambhavnatha temple dedicated to Sambhavnath, built by Askavan chopra a merchant.
Ashtapadh temple built by Chopra Panchagi.
The Laxminath temple of Jaisalmer: dedicated to the worships of the god of Lord Vishnu and goddess Laxmi.Merchant
Havelis: are famous for mainly for balconies with jalis, and chattaris in the top of roof.
Ghut nali: ingenious drainage system which allows for the easy drainage of rain water away from the fort in the fort in all four direction of the forts.
Nearby places to Jaisalmer fort to visit:
Sam dunes: The ripples on Sam dunes caused by winds is unique to attract tourists.
Bhatia Bazar:  famous for Rajasthan handicrafts.
Gadsisar Lake: constructed Rawal Jaisal and provides water to fort. The archway is present known as “Tilon-ki—Pol”.Nathmal ki haveli, Patwan ki haveli and Lordurva temple 

Amer fort:

Hill forts of Rajasthan
Amer Fort

1.Amer fort is one of hill forts of Rajasthan which came under UNESCO world heritage sites.
2.It is situated In Amer, just 12 km away from Jaipur capital of Rajasthan, India.The name of Amer fort derived from Ambikeshwer temple which dedicated to lord Shiva.
3.The architecture of the Amer fort was blend mixture of Mughal and Rajput which constructed mainly from red sandstone and marble.
4.The fort divided in four courtyards with separated by gateways. It consists of the Diwan-a-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, the Sheesh Mahal or Jai mandir and Sukh Niwas.
First courtyard: Ganesh pol or ganesh gate is entry to private palace of Maharaja . The Sila Devi temple is present in right side of staircase of the entrance gate. Suhag mandir : ladies of the royal female used to watch fuction held in Diwan-i-Aam through lattical marble windows called Jalis.
Second courtyard: known as a Diwan-i-Aam with many pillars.
Third courtyards: Private building. There are two buildings which are separated by lanes. First building is known as Diwan-i-Khas. Mirrors were used in walls of the chamber which came from Belgium, also called Sheesh Mahal( Hall of Mirrors). Other building is known as Jas Mandir has decorated floral design with glass. Other part of it was Sukh -Niwas or known as a Palace of pleasure.
Fourth courtyard with palace of Man Singh has Zenana (women quarters).
      Ticket price:
Tourists
Price
Time
Indian
Rs. 100 /-
08.00 am-05.30 pm
Foreginer
Rs300 /-
Indian and Foreginer ( Night)
Rs. 100 /-
Indian and Foreginer 
Rs. 295 /- Light show
06.30 pm to 08.30 pm

Ticket is valid to two days and you can visit Amer fort, Nahargarh fort, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mandir and Albert hall museum.

Ranthambore fort:

1.Ranthambore fort is one of the hill fort of Rajasthan which came under UNESCO world heritage site.
2.The fort is situated in Ranthambore national park (famous for Bengal Tiger), near Sawai Madhopur Rajasthan, India. 
3.The fort built to start during reign of Sapaldaksha in year 944 A.D. to till mid of 10th century. Inside fort, 3 Hindu temples dedicated to Ganesh, Shiva and Rama which built during 12th to 13th century.
4.The fort built from red sandstone which came the Karauli, Rajasthan.Jain temple lord sambhavnath, lord sumatinath.
Nearby places to visit:
Jogi mahal: wonderful forest guest house.
Ranthambore national park: Famous for Bengal tiger.
Bakauka: Area dotted water hole in rockes near jogi mahal.
Kachida valley: rockey outcrops.Padam talao: the largest lake near Jogi Mahal.

Gagron Fort:

Hill forts of Rajasthan
Gagron Fort

1. Gagron Fort is one of UNESCO world heritage site.
2.This fort is situated 12 km away from Jhalawar city of Jhalawar district of Rajasthan, India.
3.The fort is only hill cum water fort known as Jaldurg (explains in Vedic fort architecture) one of 12 forts its kind. The fort was built by 1195 A.D. by Raja Baldev of Parmara Rajput.
4.The region is also known as “Galkangiri” because saint Garg rishi belongs this area.
5.The Mukundra mountain range served as a backdrop, three sides tranquil water of Ahu and Kali Sindh.
6.Battle of Gagron in 1519 held between Rana Sanga and Mahmud Khilji of Malwa in which Rana Sanga won the battle.

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